Before getting to prevent Covid-19, we need to know what it is first.
SARS-CoV-2, which stands for extreme acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, is the official name for the current coronavirus. This virus infection may result in coronavirus disease 19, or COVID-19. SARS-CoV-2 is similar to SARS-CoV, a coronavirus that triggered another form of coronavirus disease in 2002 and 2003. However, based on what we know so far, SARS-CoV-2 is distinct from other viruses, such as
The evidence shows that SARS-CoV-2 may be transmitted more easily and cause life-threatening illness in some people especially since new variant started to appear.
It, like other coronaviruses, can live in the air and on surfaces long enough to infect anyone. If you touch your mouth, nose, or eyes after touching a surface or object that has the virus on it, you can contract SARS-CoV-2. However, this is not considered to be the primary method by which the virus spreads.
SARS-CoV-2, on the other hand, multiplies faster in the body even when there are no signs. Furthermore, you will spread the virus even though you never experience any symptoms.
Some people only have mild to moderate COVID-19 symptoms, while others have extreme COVID-19 symptoms.
In the United States, there are actually five Variant of Concern (VOCs):
- B.1.1.7: This version was discovered in the United States in December 2020. It was first discovered in the United Kingdom.
- B.1.351: This version was discovered in the United States at the end of January 2021. It was first discovered in South Africa in December 2020.
- P.1: This version was discovered for the first time in the United States in January 2021. P.1 was first discovered in travelers from Brazil who were checked during routine screening at a Japanese airport in early January.
- B.1.427 and B.1.429: These two forms were discovered in California in February 2021 and identified as VOCs in March 2021.
Tips To Prevent Covid-19
1. Wash Your Hands Frequently
Clean your hands for at least 20 seconds in warm water and soap. Apply the lather to your wrists, fingers, and under your fingernails. An antibacterial and antiviral soap can also be used. When you are unable to adequately wash your face, use hand sanitizer. This single action can prevent covid-19 from being spread further to your body
Hands should be washed several times a day, particularly after touching something, such as your phone or laptop.
2. Avoid Touching Your Face
Touching every part of your face or head, including your mouth, nose, and eyes, is not recommended. Stop chewing your fingernails as well. This allows SARS-CoV-2 to spread from your hands through your body.
SARS-CoV-2 can survive for up to 72 hours on some surfaces. If you touch a surface that contains the virus, you will get it on your hands.
- Gas pump handle
- Cell phone
- A doorknob
3. Avoid Touching People
Do not touch other people as SARS-CoV-2 can be passed from person to person through skin-to-skin touch.
4. Don’t share personal items
To prevent Covid-19 more, it’s also a good idea not to exchange eating utensils or straws. Teach children that their reusable cup, straw, and other dishes are just for their personal use. Also, do not exchange private information such as, phones, makeup, and combs.
5. Cover your mouth and nose when you cough and sneeze
SARS-CoV-2 can be present in high concentrations in the nose and mouth. This means that it can be spread to other people by air droplets as you cough, sneeze, or talk. It can also land on hard surfaces and remain for up to three days.
To keep your hands as clean as possible, use a tissue or sneeze into your elbow. Regardless, wash your hands thoroughly after sneezing or coughing.
6. Disinfect Every Surfaces
To clean hard surfaces in your home, use alcohol-based disinfectants such as:
- door handles
Also, disinfect your phone, laptop, and everything else you use on a daily basis to prevent Covid-19. After bringing groceries or packages into your home, disinfect the room. In addition disinfecting surfaces, use white vinegar or hydrogen peroxide solutions for general cleaning.
7. Take Social Distancing Seriously
If you have the SARS-CoV-2 virus, it will be present in high concentrations in your spit (sputum). Even if you don’t have any symptoms, this can happen.
Physical (social) distance often entails staying at home and working from home whenever possible. If you have to go out for necessities, keep a minimum of 3 feet (1 m) away from other people. You will spread the virus by speaking to someone who is in near proximity to you.
8. Avoid Gather in Groups
Being in a group or meeting increases the chances of coming into direct contact with others. This involves avoiding all religious places of worship where you may be forced to sit or stand too close to another congregant. It also means not congregating in parks or on beaches.
9. Avoid Being in Public Places
Now is not the time to eat out. This includes avoiding restaurants, coffee shops, pubs, and other eating establishments. Meat, utensils, pans, and cups can all be used to spread the virus. It can also become airborne as a result of other people in the venue.
You can also order food for delivery or takeout. Choose thoroughly cooked meals that can be reheated. This means it may be best to avoid cold foods from restaurants and all food from buffets and open salad bars.
10. Wash Fresh Groceries
Before eating or cooking any produce, wash it under running water. Do not wash fruits and vegetables with soap, detergent, or industrial produce wash. Always wash your hands before and after handling these objects.