Scottish Fold is a cat breed with a natural dominant-gene mutation that affects cartilage throughout the body, causing the ears to bend forward and down towards the front of the head or in other word, “fold”
The first Scottish fold was discovered on a farm in Perthshire, Scotland in 1961. The cat was named Susie and it had a natural mutation for folded ears, which she passed on to half of her kittens. A farmer named William Ross began breeding the kittens with the consult of a geneticist. However, a sad event happened to Susie, a car hit her and died on the spot. So, her kitten named Snook took over to preserve the family line. To this day, every breed can be trace back to Susie as their ancestor.
Governing Council of the Cat Fancy (GCCF) had established the Scottish Fold as a breed, but the breed was never been as popular there as she was in the United States. Not only did Americans fall in love with this breed, but had developed the breed into the beautiful cat she is today. This is because many veterinarians oppose breeding Scottish folds as all cats with the gene have osteochondrodysplasia which made the cats experience pain and suffering due to it. Debates are active in countries where breeding continues.
Originally called lop-eared or lops after the lop-eared rabbit, Scottish Fold became the breed’s name in 1966. Depending on registries, longhaired Scottish Folds are varyingly known as Highland Fold, Scottish Fold Longhair, Longhair Fold and Coupari. In 1971, GCCF withdrawn the breed due to ethical concerns about the healths of the cats but they still been accepted in the American Cat Fanciers Association (CFA), Cat Fancier’s Association (CFA), and The International Cat Association (TICA).
Scottish fold is a medium sized cat with a very round looking cat. The head and the folded ears are round like a ball. That’s not all, the legs appear round too. The breed have dense fur and need regular grooming by brushing once a week for shorthaired cats and twice a week for longhaired cats. This helps to prevent hairballs.
Trim your cat’s nails every couple of weeks and provide a scratching post. Maintain good dental hygiene by brushing your cat’s teeth at least weekly. Pay attention to your Scottish fold’s ears and check them weekly for any signs of irritation, mites, or infection.
- Weight: 2 to 5 kg
- Coat length: Shorthaired and longhaired
- Amount of shedding: Medium
- Color: Any
- Pattern: Any
Scottish folds are moderately active cats. They most likely want to be around with you and try to get attention as much as possible. You can train your Scottish fold to play fetch or better yet, litter-train. Provide a cat tree for climbing and surveying the room. It is best for the breed to stay indoor. This to reduce the risk of infection, fights, predator attacks, and vehicle accidents.
This breed is known for its easy-going and being calm. It usually gets along great with other pets such as dogs and cats. Some owners mentions they adapts well to multi-pet households. They also love being around with older children. Teach younger children to respect them and not handle them roughly first to avoid any injury.
- Lifespan: 11 to 14 years
- Active: Medium
- Intelligence: High
- Vocalize: Low
Scottish Fold is difficult to breed. The folded ear cat must not be bred to another folded ear cat. Allowable outcrosses, in addition to a straight-eared cat, are the American Shorthair and British Shorthair. If two folded eared cats are bred to each other, the resulting kittens can be impaired to the extent of having difficulty walking. Even with this outcross, Scottish Folds tend to have small litters and not all of these kittens have folded ears.
The biggest health concern for Scottish folds is a degenerative joint disease called osteochondrodysplasia that affects cartilage and bone development due to the fold gene. Aside from osteochondrodysplasia, the main health problems that this breed is prone to include:
- Polycystic kidney disease (PKD), an inherited, congenital problem that causes pockets of fluid to form in the kidneys
- Cardiomyopathy, a form of heart disease
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