The Rottweiler, also known as the Rottie, is a big, muscular, and tough dog with a hardworking and optimistic temperament. Despite its reputation for being dangerous, the Rottie, which is descended from the mastiffs of the Roman legions, can be a gentle playmate. The breed is a little reserved, but it is also very intelligent, protective, and devoted to its family. The Rottie may also be a great working dog, watch dog, or guard dog.
Though the Rottweiler’s exact origins are unknown, it is assumed that the breed descended from the Mastiff and that its ancestors can be traced back to ancient Rome. They were drover dogs for the army, herding animals. The breed was later established in the German town of Rottweil, where it served as a cattle dog and sometimes as a police dog until its popularity faded.
The breed was once known as the Rottweiler Metzgerhund or Butcher’s Dog of Rottweil. In the early twentieth century, the breed was reintroduced as a police dog and started to gain popularity in the United States. The Rottweiler’s hardworking disposition has increased its popularity over the years, and it is now the eighth most common breed, according to the American Kennel Club (AKC). The breed was recognized by the AKC in 1931.
The Rottweiler’s weight, which averages more than 100 pounds (50 kg), is highly dependent on its height. Some males can weigh as much as 140 pounds (70 kg), while females often weigh more than 100 pounds. Rottweilers outweigh many dogs who appear to be the same size, so make sure you feed your Rottweiler a nutritious diet.
The Rottweiler, as a large dog, needs a reasonable amount of physical exercise, but no special or unnecessary exercise requirements. Rottweilers have a short coat that takes little care.
- Weight: 40 to 70 kg
- Coat length: Short coat
- Amount of shedding: Medium
- Color: Black with tan, rust, or mahogany
- Pattern: Bicolor
Because of the negative attention many Rottweilers have got, many people are afraid of them. The reality is that, although this breed enjoys protecting and herding, they are not always mean. Many times, episodes of aggression are the product of poor ownership and training rather than an issue with the breed. Like all dogs, the Rottweiler will respond to perceived threats as well as fear.
Since they are such big, heavy dogs with a reputation for being violent, they are not always polite to new people. A properly trained Rottweiler, on the other hand, would normally give invited houseguests nothing to be afraid of. The breed also work better when they are kept busy while a bored Rottweiler is not something your guests would want to associate with. It’s important to give your Rottweiler plenty of exercise and to make it feel like it has goals to achieve. This will aid in bonding and ensure that your dog behaves loyally.
- Lifespan: 8 to 10 years
- Active: Medium
- Intelligence: High
- Vocalize: High
Responsible dog breeders have worked hard to maintain high quality breed standards as set by the AKC. However, there are some health problems that may occur in this breed. Among the diseases that may be suffered by this breed are as follows:
- Cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) injury: A rupture of the ligament that attaches the femur to the tibia, the two main bones of the knee joint.
- Hip dysplasia: A condition in which the hip socket is formed abnormally.
- Osteochondrosis (OCD): Abnormal development of cartilage at the ends of bones.
- Entropion: A genetic condition in which the eyelids are inverted or folded inwards.
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