The Pomeranian is a dainty, fluffy little dog with a sweet (though sometimes bossy) personality. Despite its diminutive size, this breed, also known as a “Pom,” is exceptionally loyal to its loved ones and can serve as an efficient guard dog. The Pomeranian can make an ideal companion with proper training, but this dog is not for everyone.
Families with small children may not be suitable for a Pom, but the breed does well with older, calmer children. If you’re looking for a loyal, upbeat, small dog, a Pom may be the right fit for you.
The Pomeranian is the smallest member of the spitz family of dogs and is descended from the sled dogs of Iceland and Lapland. Its tail curls over its back, similar to that of its ancestors, the malamute and the Samoyed. The breed was named after the areas of Germany and Poland that were known as Pomerania at the time. Pomeranians were bigger back then than they are now.
In the late 1800s, Queen Victoria of England owned Pomeranians and allowed them to compete in conformation shows, which increased the popularity of these rambunctious dogs. It is thought that this is when the Pomeranian began to be bred down to a smaller scale. The Pomeranian became popular in the United States around the turn of the twentieth century and is still a popular dog breed today.
The undercoat of a Pomeranian is soft and fuzzy, and the overcoat is long and straight. Since the Pomeranian coat comes in a variety of colors, don’t be surprised if you see a variety of varieties. The Pomeranian’s coat sheds regularly and must be brushed everyday to avoid tangling and matting. This grooming habit would also aid in the prevention of dandruff. You should also clean its ears and eyes prevent potential problems and infections.
Male and female Pomeranians will weigh between 3 and 7 pounds (1 to 3 kg). Although this isn’t much, it is directly proportional to the breed’s appearance and height. It also leads to their high energy level! What’s more, they’re as light as a feather when you haul them around in your arms!
- Weight: 1 to 3 kg
- Coat length: Long, double coat
- Amount of shedding: High
- Color: Red, orange, cream, sable, black, brown, and blue
- Pattern: Solid
As previously said, the Pomeranian is an outgoing and intelligent breed. They can take advantage of any attention they can get from your relatives. Since they are so little, they travel well, so your Pomeranian will be able to make friends everywhere it goes. The breed are ideally suited for households with older children due to its small size, which makes it more vulnerable to injury.
Furthermore, younger children can excite your Pomeranian. They thrive in households with older children because they are more likely to receive the attention they crave. It’s also a good idea to include your children in training; it’s a great way to set limits and form strong bonds. It’s a dog stereotype, but tiny Pomeranians can be a little yippy.
However, if you begin training at a young age, you can nip the yip in the bud! The breed has small dog syndrome, which means it is unaware that it is a small dog. That is why it would want to battle a much larger dog. And, since they craves affection, it should not be left alone for long periods of time.
- Lifespan: 12 to 16 years
- Active: Medium
- Intelligence: High
- Vocalize: High
Responsible breeders aim to uphold the highest breed quality set out by kennel clubs such as the American Kennel Club (AKC). Hereditary disorders are less likely to occur in dogs bred to these requirements. However, the breed is prone to certain genetic health issues. The below are few things to keep in mind:
- Hip dysplasia is a disorder in which the hip socket of a dog develops abnormally, causing inflammation and joint complications.
- Collapsing Trachea: a chronic disease involving the trachea (also called the windpipe) and the lower airway.
- Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA): There are different forms of progressive retinal atrophy or PRA, and eventually, dogs with this eye disease go blind.
- Early tooth loss
- Patellar luxation is a condition in which a dog’s kneecap dislocates from its normal location.