Persian cat is a long haired cat breed with a round face and short muzzle. The first documented ancestors of the Persian were imported into Italy from Persian around 1620. There are also other breed often classified as coat variants of this breed.
There are no known long haired specimens of the African wildcat, the ancestor of the domestic subspecies. The first documented ancestors of the Persian were imported from Khorasan, Persia in 1620 by an Italian, Pietro della Valle into Italy for a breeding program. The breed also moved westward to Europe with the Crusades.
In 1871, a Persian cat was presented at the first organized cat show in the Crystal Palace in London, England organized by Harrison Weir. The popularity of the cat was then enhanced when Queen Victoria and other royals fell in love with this stunning breed. In 19th century, the breed were introduced into the United States where they were soon popularized.
Because of their long coats, it should come as no surprise that Persian cats require a good deal of regular grooming. Without it, Persians’ coats can quickly become tangled and matted, which can be painful. It is recommended that Persians be brushed once a day and receive monthly baths to help them maintain their shine and softness.
Eyes should also be wiped daily to prevent stains from excessive watering. As with all cats, regular dental hygiene should be observed in the form of daily or weekly teeth brushing. Regular nail trims are also required.
Generally, Persians are considered to be high maintenance pets when it comes to their grooming care. Because their coats don’t naturally shed dirt and other debris, it’s up to their human caregivers to help ensure that they stay soft and clean and to keep them indoors. Persians prefer to be kept in tidy environments, so it’s also important to clean their litter box daily.
Persian is a medium sized cat, although she is massive and heavily boned. It also have long haired fur and can appear larger combined with its massive body.
The breed is an extreme-looking breed. The body is short, thick plus with thick legs and a short, thick neck. The ears are small while the head is round with large, round eyes. There two varieties for the breed which is the doll-face and the original breed of Persian. Doll face is somewhat without the development of extreme features.
You should know that this cat are not the most energetic or playful of cat breeds. It would rather find a nice warm spot to relax or watching you doing work like a royalty. But it can sometimes get an unusual burst of energy, due to having too much naptime. This breed is a slower learner and not considered a very trainable cat. It would prefer to watch than participate in activities.
Like all purebred cats, Persians are prone to a number of health issues that are perpetuated by selective breeding tendencies. A lot of these problems are directly related to the preferred facial structure, though they also may present with genetic health problems unrelated to their physical features. A responsible breeders do take steps to mitigate the spread of common health problems among the breed, and no breeder can say with certainty that their cats are completely free of illness or the potential for illness.
Common health problems to look out for include:
- Polycystic kidney disease: A genetic illness affecting one or both kidneys that generally starts showing signs when the cat is around 7 to 10 years old
- Breathing difficulties: Caused by their snub noses
- Eye conditions, including progressive retinal atrophy, eyelid protrusions (cherry eye), and folding inward eyelids (entropion)
- Excessive eye watering
- Bladder stones: Causes by an infections
- Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: A thickening of the muscular walls of the heart
- Liver shunts: A disorder affecting blood flow to the liver, which can cause a runty appearance, bladder stones, and anemia
- Heat sensitivity
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