The Pembroke Welsh corgi is a small to medium-sized herding dog with a robust physique and low stature. The Pembroke, with its low-set body, huge upright ears, and short tail, is also an excellent companion. The breed is highly clever, active, and devoted. Despite the fact that they are distinct breeds, this breed and the Cardigan Welsh corgi are sometimes confused.
Pembrokes have slightly smaller builds than Cardigans, their ears are pointier, and they have short stubby tails.
Experts disagree on the origins of the Pembroke Welsh corgi, however it is widely assumed that the breed dates back to the 10th century. According to one story, the breed’s forefathers were introduced to Wales by Flemish weavers. Another one holds that they are descended from the Swedish Vallhund. In any case, they have been a part of Welsh life for over 1000 years.
A dwarf breed with shorter legs, Pembroke Welsh corgis are achondroplastic. They are the smallest breed in the herding dog family. According to legend, the fairy saddle patterns found on their backs are the result of fairies riding them. Pembrokes originated in Wales and were employed as herding, companion, and/or guard dogs.
Pembroke and Cardigan Welsh corgis have apparent resemblance, and these breeds have been crossed in the past. The English Kennel Club and the American Kennel Club (AKC) formally recognized the two varieties as independent breeds in 1934. You may be familiar with Queen Elizabeth II’s beloved corgis. She has owned a Pembroke Welsh corgi since 1933, when her father gave her one.
Some Pembrokes are born with only the tip of their tails. Tails were traditionally docked on Pembroke Welsh corgis to indicate that the dog was a working dog and thus exempt from taxation as a pet dog. Docking is not compulsory for show dogs in the United Kingdom, though the AKC standard states that tails should be no longer than 2 inches long. Docking is prohibited in many nations.
The Pembroke Welsh Corgi has a thick coat of medium length hair, with a coarse outer coat and a fine and thick interior coat. Its fur is water resistant due to oils from its skin. The coat of the Pembrokes can be black, tan, sable, red, or fawn. Some have white markings on their coats. The medium length coat of the Pembrokes is simple to care for.
Shedding seasons occur in the spring and summer, therefore brushing with a wire brush on a weekly basis will help. To keep tangles to a minimum, brush both the outer and under coat. The Pembroke Welsh Corgi does not require regular bathing because its coat is inherently water resistant. If you must bathe your dog, use carefully developed shampoos with the appropriate skin and hair pH. Male Pembrokes weights 25 to 30 pounds, while the females weigh in from 24 to 28 pounds.
- Weight: 12 to 15 kg
- Coat length: Medium length double coat
- Amount of shedding: High
- Color: Black and tan, red, sable, or fawn; all colors with white markings
- Pattern: Bicolor with white marking
Pembroke Welsh Corgis have a cheerful personality, are loyal to their owners, and are fairly tough. It gets along nicely with children as long as it is not harassed and can even withstand some roughhousing. Because this breed was created to herd animals, it can be a touch bossy at times, but with good training, this problem may be resolved.
Pembroke Welsh Corgis are good problem solvers, yet they can also be stubborn and independent. Corgis are natural watchdogs who will bark at strangers and distrust strangers. If you wish to change this, you should start training and socializing right now. Pembroke Welsh Corgis make terrific companion animals for your other household pets if they are socialized early on.
- Lifespan: 10 to 13 years
- Active: Medium
- Intelligence: High
- Vocalize: Low
Responsible breeders have strived to maintain the highest quality breed standards as set by kennel clubs such as AKC. Dogs bred according to these standards tend to inherit genetic diseases. Among the diseases that need to be considered include:
- Hip Dysplasia: A condition in which the hip socket is formed abnormally.
- Processive Retinal Atrophy (PRA): There are different forms of progressive retinal atrophy or PRA, and eventually, dogs with this eye disease go blind.
- Degenerative Myelopathy: A disease affecting the spinal cord, results in slowly progressive hind limb weakness and paralysis
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