The Newfoundland is a massive dog with a friendly demeanor and a hardworking heart. The breed is intelligent, noble, and obedient. Newfoundlands, also known as Newfs or Newfies, are outstanding working dogs as well as relaxed and affectionate companions.
The Newfoundland dog breed is named after the Canadian province of Newfoundland, where it has a long history as an excellent working dog. These amazing water dogs have helped fishermen, saved possible drowning victims, and pulled carts. European fisherman are thought to have carried the ancestors of Newfies to Newfoundland.
While their exact ancestors are unknown, the most generally accepted hypothesis holds that the Newfie originated from Great Pyrenees dogs and black retrievers. Several were adopted by the English botanist Sir Joseph Banks in the 18th century. Seaman, a Newfoundland, was a member of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, which explored newly conquered territories with his master, Meriwether Lewis, in the early 1800s. Emily Dickinson, Ulysses S. Grant, Lyndon B. Johnson, Robert F. Kennedy, composer Richard Wagner, and John James Audubon are among the other notable owners.
By the 19th century, Newfies had gained popularity in England. The breed soon arrived in the United States, where it was accepted by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1879. Like several large breeds, their numbers declined in the United Kingdom and Europe following World War II, but started to rise again in the 1950s. There are many stories of Newfoundlands being used as water rescue dogs, as well as impromptu rescues performed by Newfoundlands after spotting a human in distress.
The fur of the Newfoundland, which has a double coat, is medium length and straight or slightly wavy. Its under and outer coats contain oils that prevent dirt from entering the coat, and its tail, legs, and belly frequently have longer fur. It has a white, black and grey, or brown or black coat. Groom it with a stiff bristled brush or a pin brush, as its dense double coat can easily get matted.
To ensure this doesn’t happen, brush your Newfoundland several times a week. Its undercoat will shed in the spring and fall.
- Weight: 50 to 75 kg
- Coat length: Long, thick double coat
- Amount of shedding: High
- Color: Brown, black, gray or black and white
- Pattern: Solid
Despite its size, the Newfoundland makes an excellent house pet. If you live in a small house, your dog will adjust and be cautious of obstacles in its path. The Newfoundland dog is patient and gentle, intelligent, and will defend its family by standing between them and a possible danger. Since the breed is highly loyal, the Newfoundland does not do well when separated from its kin. It will also be saddened by the death of another family member or pet. The Newfoundland can get along well with other species and dogs of all sizes. This breed is simple to train, and it can even housetrain itself.
The Newfoundland is sensitive to loud noises and thrives in a calm, optimistic atmosphere. Bring the kids, since Newfoundland is fantastic with kids. It will engage with the children gently and calmly, and it will protect them. It gets along with others, flies well, and can participate in almost every activity with the family.
- Lifespan: 9 to 10 years
- Active: Medium
- Intelligence: High
- Vocalize: Medium
Responsible breeders aim to uphold the highest breed quality set out by kennel clubs such as the American Kennel Club (AKC). Hereditary disorders are less likely to occur in dogs bred to these requirements. However, the breed is prone to certain genetic health issues. The below are few things to keep in mind:
- Hip dysplasia is a disorder in which the hip socket of a dog develops abnormally, causing inflammation and joint complications.
- Elbow dysplasia
- Entropion: An uncomfortable or painful condition in which the eyelids roll inward, allowing the eyelashes to rub against the cornea and irritate it.
- Gastric dilatation-volvulus: The stomach fills with gas or food, expands, and then rotates, trapping gas inside the stomach and cutting off blood supply to the stomach and spleen.
- Sub-Aortic Stenosis
- Von Willebrand’s Disease
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