Netherland Dwarf is a breed of domestic rabbit that born and originated in the Netherland. This breed is considered as one of the smallest rabbit breed in the world. The small, fluffy Netherland Dwarf rabbit looks more like a kit no matter how big it gets, with two large eyes and roundhead. It can be a gentle and affectionate pet if been given plenty of love but it also can be little bit skittish.
Note that Netherland Dwarf was first produced in Netherlands in the early 20th century. The white rabbits were bred selectively with wild rabbits to create more colors and patterns. Netherland Dwarf was recognized by Holland in 1940 and first imported into the United Kingdom in 1948. In 1947, only 17 English breeders were given 9 offspring in a few colors and patterns.
It got recognized by British Rabbit Council in 1950. In 1965, this small breed had arrived in the United State for the purposes of breeding and improving Polish Rabbit in the United States. In 1969, American Rabbit Breeders Association (ARBA) accept Netherland Dwarf rabbit as a recognized breed using a modification of British standard.
Overall, this breed have rather large eyes compared to the rest of its compact body, which makes for a cute dwarf rabbit. Short, small ears carried high on their head and their face is round and short. One thing for sure is that it reach an adult weight of 2.5 lbs ( 1.13 kg).
Netherland Dwarf is an easy breed to care and groom for. Short to medium length coat does not need much grooming to keep it in shape and it is soft! There are time when this dwarf bunny shed so much (seasonal shedding), use a bristled brush and stroke in the natural direction of its fur. Netherland Dwarf rabbit has many colors and patterns that can be choose. All of them have been accepted by ARBA.
- Weight: 0.5 – 1.13 kg
- Coat length: Short to Medium, Soft fur
- Color: White, Lilac, Blue, Black, Chocolate
- Pattern: Sable Point, Tortoise Shell, Siamese Sable, Siamese Smoke Pearl
Early dwarf or so called ancestors had an aggressive temperaments result from breeding with wild rabbit for their size. First generation of dwarf rabbit had behaved more like wild rabbit and is not considered as pet. Through more selective breeding, this fluffy dwarf rabbit has become a gentle friendly small bunny. Male dwarf can be aggressive if it felt threatened by you or other pets while female dwarf tend to be passive.
Netherland Dwarf rabbit often kept as indoor pet since it is a lot calmer than other big bunny. although it is calmer than others, it still need a lots of exercise. The love of hop around and easy going trait bring other animals and people closer to it in a mere time. Netherland Dwarf rabbit also trainable pet. You can try train it to use litter box first and then other tricks. It is very important to train this furry creature where to do it business.
- Lifespan: 7 to 10 years
- Active: High
- Intelligence: High
Care and Treatment
Netherland Dwarf rabbit tend to be more at risk to develop malocclusion (a growth spurt but jaw and mandible different growth rate). Rabbit breeders have done more then they could to make this breed healthier and less genetic disease. Some of the illnesses seen in this breed is:
- Dental disease: Mandibular prognathism, abnormal patterns of dental wear cause elongated teeth or altered teeth positions.
- Respiratory tract disorder: snuffles (rapid breathing, runny nose and eyes, coughing) If upper teeth and gums become inflamed, this can lead to sinus infections.
- Uterine cancer: Cancer of the uterus (common in female rabbit), fertility problems and stillbirths, loss of appetite and blood in the urine.
- Parasites: Cheyletiella mites can cause itching and hair loss, easily treated by vet
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