Leopard Gecko, a common beginner’s reptile, is a thin, easily handled lizard. It is a native to Afghanistan, Pakistan, northwest India, and Iran. In comparison to other lizards, they take very little attention. They have lively personalities and make fun gestures to watch.
Leopard geckos required minimal care only. Two to three leopard geckos can be kept in a 15- to 20-gallon tank, but only one male can be kept per habitat, and males and females can only be kept together if you want to do with breeding. Leopard geckos thrive in old fish ponds that have lost their ability to retain water. Spot clean the cage once a day to remove feces. Once a month to take everything out, scrub clean, and disinfect the cages.
As for food and water, they are insectivores. You can feed them crickets, waxworms and mealworms. Provide a shallow dish of fresh water for your leopard gecko at all times. The water bowl will help add some humidity to the enclosure, and your gecko will drink from the bowl. You may even find a gecko voluntarily soaking in its water bowl.
During the day, a standard white light incandescent heat lamp may be used to provide a basking spot. At night, additional heat may be provided by a red, blue, or purple heat lamp, or a ceramic heat emitter. Don’t use undertank heating pad, it may not be the most effective way for regulating gecko’s temperatures.
Provide a daytime basking spot with a temperature of 88 degrees Fahrenheit (31 degrees Celsius) and a thermal gradient of around 75 degrees Fahrenheit (around 24 Celsius). The temperature will drop to 70 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit at night (21 to 24 Celsius).
Leopard geckos are nocturnal, so they are more active at night and do not need much UV illumination. These species are also present in the wild at dawn and dusk, getting UV exposure during those brief periods of sunshine. A small amount of UVA and UVB light will help leopard geckos stay healthy and reduce their risk of metabolic bone disease. Ask pet store owner or gecko breeder for more info.
Since these lizards are desert lizards, they don’t need a humid climate. The gecko can have difficulty shedding if the humidity is too low (below 20%). Maintain a humidity level of 30 to 40%, which is comparable to the humidity level in your house. To keep the air dry, use a standard panel top in conjunction with the heat source.
Young leopard geckos shouldn’t be kept on a sand substrate, even if it is calcium sand. They could swallow the sand and develop an intestinal blockage as a result. Paper is absorbent and simple to replace, and indoor/outdoor carpet can also be used. The most important thing is that your gecko is not ingesting the substrate.
Leopard geckos are typically yellow, white, and have black spots on their backs. Hatchlings are striped at first, but become spotted over time. There are some morphs or variants that are brightly colored and patterned. Those colors are more sought-after and valuable, whereas the popular wild-type or natural coloration is widely available and inexpensive.
There are a few things you should look out for when taking a gecko as pet. Such as:
- Metabolic bone disease: Painful deformities of the spine and limbs are caused by it. Bad appetite and tremors are symptoms of this condition.
- Armpit bubbles: A sign of an overweight gecko. the bubbles can contain fat, vitamins, protein, calcium or other minerals.
- Gastroenteritis: A bacterial infection and it shown when a gecko has watery stools or its tail shrinks.
- Dysecdysis: Geckos are undernourished or live in a with insufficient moisture ( dry skin and had difficulty shedding).
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