English Spot is a 5 to 8 pounds bunny rabbit that has the most notable markings on its body as well as on its head. The breed is believed to be one of the oldest breeds of fancy rabbit because it is thought to have come from the English Papillon (English Butterfly). This active rabbit can play all day with family and sleep during the day to recharge that energy back to play at night again. It also known to have a big appetite to fill that energetic body.
English Spot is developed in England the mid-19th century. The main purpose for breeding these medium-sized rabbits are only for show purposes which is a weird thing back then since all medium and large size rabbit mainly breed for meat purposes. It is suggested that they may have come from the Giant Papillon, but others said that they may have descended from the Checkered Giant due to their similar physical features. Their ancestors entailed a white rabbit with patches of color and through years of perfecting the breed, breeders have acquired more clear yet defined markings.
The breed has been common in England since 1850s. Next, they made their appearance in the United States in 1890 and then imported to North America at around 1910. 14 years later, American English Spot Rabbit Club is established in United States (1924) and the same year that American Rabbit Breeders Association (ARBA) recognized this breed. The French named the breed “Lapin Papillon Anglais” which meant English Butterfly Rabbit due to the butterfly marking on the nose.
English Spot has medium size with round hips and upright ears. They have a full arch body shape with long slender front legs and hind legs. Their flyback fur is dense but short. This also explain that they are low in maintenance pet and because of the coat fibers are so short, you would not notice it too much floating in your home or stuck on your shirt. The breed need a slicker brush for a weekly groom and everyday groom if it in shedding seasons.
As for their markings, they are known by its six types of body markings which is butterfly, cheek spots, eye circles, colored ears, herringbone, and chain of spots. The butterfly is a butterfly marking around the nose. If you looking straight at the rabbit’s nose, the butterfly will peak in the middle and have a wing on both sides. The cheek spots are colored dots below both eyes. Eye circles are solid colored circles around both eyes of the rabbit. The herringbone is a straight, solid line that runs from the base of the ears to the tip of the tail along the rabbit’s backbone.
- Weight: 3 to 4 kg
- Coat length: Short and dense
- Color: White, Black, Blue, Gold, Lilac, Gray and Tortoise
- Pattern: Butterfly, Cheek spots, Eye circles, Colored ears, Herringbone, and Chain of spots
English Spots are gentle, affectionate and have just enough spunk to make them interesting companions. This rabbit no doubt makes a lovely pet. Make sure to take care of the overgrowth teeth that mostly rabbit developed. It is the best pet rabbit for singles, couples, or families who are looking a low maintenance pet. On top of that, because of the fact that they have been bred for shows, they are very much used to being petted, cuddled, and held by humans.
With lots of time, patience and rewards, English Spot or any other rabbit breed can be litter trained. It simply takes them longer to understand your training. Instead of using just one litter box, try to spread a couple around the house so they won’t be tempted to do it in a corner.
- Lifespan: 7 to 8 years
- Active: High
- Intelligent: Medium
English Spot are no more than a common domestic rabbit. You should considered taking it to the veterinarian. There are no cases of this breed had genetic diseases been reported but they still can suffer from other rabbit symptoms. Rabbit breeders have done more then they could to make this breed healthier and less genetic disease. Some of the illnesses seen in this breed is:
- Dental disease: Overgrown teeth, can change alignment of the mouth
- Parasite: Ear mites and worm
- Intestinal blockage: Ingest hair
- Spinal damage: Damaged from the force been applied by its hind legs or dropped
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