Corn Snakes are excellent starter snakes since they are small, have a basic diet, and are easy to handle. They’re also well-known for their unusual colour and pattern combinations.
There are around 800 different types of corn snakes. Each morph has a distinct pattern or color. Breeding is the second and most typical option, and morphs are created when two snakes with desirable features or characteristics are bred to create offspring with a unique combination of these desired features. There are other reptiles that have been morphed for the past years.
Before we get into the various morphs available, it’s a good idea to familiarize yourself with the terminology you’ll encounter when you read about and shop for corn snakes. Bear in mind that reptile genetics (and genetics in general) is a very complex field of science, so these are very simplistic concepts.
|Recessive Traits||These are traits that come from a recessive gene. In order for recessive traits to be expressed in offspring, they must be passed on from both parents.|
|Dominant Traits||Dominant traits show up even when only one parent has the dominant gene.|
|Co-Dominant Traits||This describes an instance where an offspring displays expressions of two different but equally dominant traits|
|Phenotype||In reptiles this can be features such as scale shape and color, patterning, eye shape, and more.|
|Homozygous||Homozygous carry two copies of the same trait, one from each parent.|
|Heterozygous||Heterozygous varieties carry one copy of a normal or wild trait, and one copy of a recessive or designer trait.|
Types of Corn Snake Morphs
There are several different types of morph, which each refer more or less to what has been changed or ‘morphed’ in the snakes phenotype, to suit the polygenic traits sought after by the breeder.
- Color Morphs: Differs in its typical coloration, which can either be seen in the background color, the marking color, or both simultaneously.
- Pattern Morphs: Original hues of orange, red, brown, and black are retained, but the patternation of the snake has been altered.
- Scale Morphs: Any kind of morph where the physiology of the scales has been changed
- Compound Morph: This type of morph happens when two other morphs of snake are bred together.
Many snake owners are likely to be familiar with a wide range of common morphs. While these varieties are more common than the others listed in this article, they in no way obscure the unique beauty of each morph.
During the time it takes to properly produce a saleable volume of offspring, novel morphs are frequently quite rare. Another reason for morph rarity is the difficulty of producing desirable phenotypes, such as quad homo morphs, which can be infamously difficult to effectively produce.
As there are numerous corn snake variants, and though not all are valuable or unusual, many are visually attractive.
Commonly will be an orange or a brown/ochre color, with black-ringed red blotches running down their back.
Deep red or burnt orange dorsal blotches and a medium brown or deep orange base
Far more pale, and has no pigmentation around the face area, leading to the pink eyes
Pale gray with dark gray blotching and black margins
Vibrant red with faint or no patterning and a white belly
Vibrant combinations of light reds, whites, oranges and yellows
Pink base color and lavender blotching
Completely white with red eyes
A bright yellow snake with red eyes
High contrast of red and white
Yellow-brown base with caramel, light brown or rich chocolate dorsal and lateral blotches
A yellow base with dark yellow-orange blotches
Vibrant orange with dark red splotches and white margins
Silver base color with burnt-orange blotches
Dark lines down their spine and belly scales with dashed lateral blotching
Almost white with a faint yellow patterning and burgundy eyes
White with random red, orange, and yellow scales
Silver-lavender snakes with faint blotching that fades with age
Peach with red-orange blotches surrounded by a thick white margin
White with pink or beige patterning
A beautiful combination of sunset orange and red with a masquerade-mask shaped head pattern
Thin dark-edged dorsal stripes and dense square lateral blotches
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