Common Bird Diseases

Common Birds Diseases

Birds can be wonderful pets and faithful friends, but it can be upsetting when the feathered animal begins to exhibit signs of sickness and isn’t acting like itself. Recognizing common pet bird diseases and learning how to treat them will help you ensure that your bird lives a long and happy life. There is a wide range of diseases that can infect pet birds, but different bird species have different susceptibilities to various infections.


1. Candida

Candida, also known as Candidiasis, is a fungal infection that can damage all bird species’ digestive tracts. An overgrowth of yeasts usually present in a bird’s digestive system causes the disease. White lesions in and around the mouth and throat, vomiting, appetite loss, and a slow-emptying crop are all common signs of Candida infections. The bird can seem to be sluggish.

Most Candida infections are successfully treated using antifungal medications. Candida often develops secondary to another disease, so the bird should be examined and treated for all potential problems by a vet.

2. Giardiasis

Diarrhea or vomiting, weight loss, and dry, itchy skin are all symptoms of this disorder, which may cause birds to nibble at or pluck their feathers. This condition has antibiotic therapies, and it is important that pet birds are not overcrowded and have safe water to prevent the disease from spreading.


3. Polyomavirus

Polyomavirus is a disease that primarily affects caged birds, particularly parrots. Newborn and immature birds are the most vulnerable, and the disease is normally lethal. Appetite failure, a swollen abdomen, paralysis, and diarrheas’ are all symptoms of polyomavirus.

Some birds do not exhibit any symptoms but are carriers of the virus, which they may shed at periods of stress, putting them at risk of infection. The polyomavirus has no proven cure. This condition has a high mortality rate and will advance rapidly.

4. Parrot Fever

Psittacosis, also known as “Parrot Fever,” is a form of Chlamydia infection that affects all hookbills. The disease is extremely infectious, and it can spread from birds to other animals and humans. Psittacosis has a wide range of symptoms, including respiratory difficulties, eye infections, and inflammation, as well as loose, watery droppings and general lethargy.

The most common treatment is tetracycline, an antibiotic that can be taken orally or by injections. Tetracycline-treated birds, on the other hand, cannot consume calcium because it interferes with the drug.


5. Parrot Wasting Syndrome

This condition, also known as macaw wasting syndrome or proventricular dilatation disorder, causes weight loss, vomiting, and a bloated crop, as well as seizures and depression-like symptoms. Treatment entails having a stress-free atmosphere for the bird as well as a special diet, with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications being used in acute situations (NSAIDS).

6. Proventricular Dilatation Disease

One of the most perplexing avian diseases is Proventricular Dilatation Disease (PDD). The disorder mostly affects the nerves that supply the bird’s digestive system, but it may also damage nerves that supply other organs. Since it is most often diagnosed in Macaws, African grey parrots, Amazon parrots, and cockatoos, PDD is also known as Macaw Wasting Syndrome and Parrot Wasting Syndrome.

Weight loss, vomiting, shifts in the bird’s droppings, and a bloated crop, which is the muscular pouch around the throat, are also symptoms of PDD. However, no one symptom or indication can be used to diagnose PPD. Any birds may not exhibit any symptoms of sickness until they are severely ill. ​Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs) are often used, and the bird will need to be placed on a special diet. ​


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