The noble Collie is intelligent, alert, and absolutely devoted to its kin. This magnificent breed is gentle and sweet, a friend to all, and is well-known for being an excellent family dog. The Collie comes in two coat colors. The rough haired version is the most popular and easily recognized. The smooth haired version has a short double coat that is about the same length all over. Smooth-haired are identical to rough-haired in every way but coat length, making them an excellent choice for people who adore the breed but aren’t interested in rigorous grooming regimens.
Collies were developed in the Scottish Highlands, where they were mostly used to herd sheep and as hardworking farm dogs. The Collie’s ancestors are believed to have arrived in Scotland from the Romans as early as the first century. The breed as we know it today, on the other hand, was standardized in the early 1800s.
The popularity of this breed skyrocketed after Queen Victoria, a devoted dog lover, fell in love with Collies during a visit to the Scottish Highlands in the 1860s. What the queen likes, the people like, and members of Queen Victoria’s court, as well as her British subjects, started to choose Collies as trendy pets.
Because of the iconic character of Lassie, loyal friend and hero dog, the breed is immediately familiar to almost all. The Lassie franchise started in 1940 with the publication of the first novel, Lassie Come-Home, by English author Eric Knight. The Lassie book series spawned films in the 1940s and a long-running television series (1954–1973), as well as comic books, toys, and other merchandise.
While Lassie was a female character, the first film, Lassie Come Home, was played by a male sable and white rough Collie called Pal (1943). Because of the film, the breed share many of the characteristics that made them so famous by generations of dog lovers. They are intelligent, quick learners, calm while remaining alert to any signs of threat, and make excellent companions for children.
The texture of the fur differs between the two types. Rough-haired Collies need regular brushing because their fur tangles much more readily and should be brushed regularly. Smooth-haired Collies don’t need frequent brushing; once a week is sufficient. This dog breed sheds more often during the spring and summer months.
The coat is usually a mixture of sable and white, tri-colored, and blue merle. They are all double-coated. The breed has a thick, straight outer coat and a fluffy, fuzzy undercoat. The rough-haired version has a thick undercoat and a short, harsh, and smooth outer coat. Collies are a pure breed with no distinctive doggie odor.
- Weight: 25 to 37 kg
- Coat length: Long, rough version and smooth version
- Amount of shedding: Medium
- Color: Sable and white, blue merle, or white.
- Pattern: Solid, bicolor, and tri-color
This dog is a lovable and trustworthy breed that would do anything to protect its owners. The Collie is a calm, cool, and collected dog that, if properly trained, will occasionally bite. This dog breed makes an excellent watchdog and friend. The more the better. Collies get along well with other animals, so they work well on farms. Collies adore children and can play outside for hours, making them an excellent choice for families. Your dog, who is intelligent, active, brave, and determined, can try to round up your family!
- Lifespan: 12 to 15 years
- Active: Medium
- Intelligence: High
- Vocalize: High
Responsible breeders aim to uphold the highest breed quality set out by kennel clubs such as the American Kennel Club (AKC). Hereditary disorders are less likely to occur in dogs bred to these requirements. However, the breed is prone to certain genetic health issues. The below are few things to keep in mind:
- Collie Eye Anomaly (CEA): This is present at birth
- Progressive Retinal Atrophy: A degenerative eye disease
- Gastric dilatation-volvulus: Bloat
- MDR1 gene mutation: Causes sensitivity to certain drugs. Collies with the MDR1 mutation may have severe reactions, including death, if exposed to certain medications.
- Neutropenia: A blood disorder
- Hip dysplasia: The abnormal development of hip joints
- Dermatomyositis: Inflammation of the skin
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