The Chow Chow is a stoic and self-reliant canine breed distinguished by its bear-like look and blue-black tongue. Though the breed has a reputation for being violent at times, most of chows are loyal, laid-back dogs who make good companions.
The Chows is a Chinese native and one of the oldest canine breeds, dating back to 206 B.C. Chows, according to DNA study, are separate from the lineage of all other dogs and belong to the branch that includes the Shar-pei, Shiba inu, and Akita. In Asia, they were deployed as temple guardians.
Though today’s Chow is a non-sporting breed, bas-relief sculptures demonstrate that the breed was employed for hunting almost 2,000 years ago. In China, this breed was known by numerous names, none of which were “chow chow.” In the late 1700s, English traders brought a variety of merchandise from the Far East known as “chow chow.” Because the dogs were occasionally included in the cargo, the moniker stuck.
Queen Victoria aided in popularizing the breed, and an English breed club was created in 1895. Chows were introduced to the United States in the late 1800s and were first recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1903.
Chows are medium to large-sized dogs with a rough or smooth coat. Rough-coated chows have a soft, woolly undercoat and a medium-length, straight, dense, coarse, and highly thick topcoat. They have more hair (feathering) on their legs and tail, as well as a thick, lengthy “mane” around their head and neck. Smooth version have a double coat as well, although it is much shorter. Routine basic grooming is necessary regardless of coat.
Brushing your dog two to three times each week is required. The rough coat kind, on the other hand, will require much more maintenance to avoid tangles and matting. The breed can be surprisingly heavy, weighing between 45 and 70 pounds, with males being on the heavier end of the spectrum and females being on the lighter end.
- Weight: 20 to 35 kg
- Coat length: Medium , rough or smooth puffy coat
- Amount of shedding: Medium
- Color: Black, blue, cinnamon, cream, or red.
- Pattern: Solid
As previously stated, the Chows is a good domestic dog with a laid-back personality that isn’t extremely aggressive or anxious when it hasn’t been moved around in a while. They don’t require much exercise, unlike some dogs who are better suited to large country estates.
This breed frequently exhibits hostility toward dogs of the same sex and, given their hunting past, may have a predatory impulse against cats and other small pets. As a result, it is preferable if it is introduced to a multi-pet family as a puppy and raised with a strong emphasis on socialization so that the dog welcomes the other pets.
Chows do well in cold weather but not so well in hot weather. When it’s hot, they’ll need a cool place to be, preferably indoors. They do well in apartments since they are quiet and only require a walk rather than a yard to run around in. This gorgeous, loyal, and intelligent dog breed is well-liked by many people and may make an excellent companion.
- Lifespan: 8 to 12 years
- Active: Low
- Intelligence: Low
- Vocalize: Low
Responsible breeders have strived to maintain the highest quality breed standards as set by kennel clubs such as AKC. Dogs bred according to these standards tend to inherit genetic diseases. Among the diseases that need to be considered include:
- Hip dysplasia: An abnormality in the hip socket, which can cause pain and arthritis
- Entropion: An ocular condition that causes the eyelids to roll inward.
- Brachycephalic syndrome: A combination of upper airway abnormalities that cause partial obstruction to a dog’s breathing.
- Gastric dilation-volvulus: Bloat
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