One of the largest toy breeds is the popular, amiable, active, and family-friendly Cavalier King Charles Spaniel. Despite the fact that they were only formally recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1995, they have a long, regal, and royal heritage.
Since the 17th century, this companionable breed has been connected with lords and royals in Europe, particularly England. They were more often known as Toy Spaniels at this stage, and their look could vary slightly. They were highly popular with King Charles I and his son, King Charles II, and their name comes from this.
King Charles II was reported to be so enamored with the breed that he ordered that they be permitted in all public buildings, including Parliament. The Blenheim color variety was named after the First Duke of Malborough, John Churchill, and his wife’s love of these dogs. They had a variety of them at their residence, Blenheim Palace.
Queen Victoria was a fan of the breed as well, and Dash, her Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, was described as her closest childhood companion. These Spaniels began to be mixed with flatter-faced companion breeds from Asia, such as the Pug and the Japanese Chin, during Victoria’s reign. This resulted in the development of the English Toy Spaniel (also known as the King Charles Spaniel).
Breed aficionados began to work in the 1920s to revitalize the appearance of the spaniels from King Charles II and the Duck of Malborough’s period, which led to the birth of the breed we know today. The American Kennel Club only officially recognized the breed in 1995, but they have grown in popularity since then, and they were classified as the 18th most popular breed in 2018 by the American Kennel Club.
A Cavalier King Charles Spaniel has a longer coat with a really fantastic shine and beautiful appearance means you’ll want to go the extra mile to ensure the coat is well cared for and groomed. With a weight range of 10-18 pounds, this is a reasonably large toy breed that hints at its origins as a dog trained to be comfortable on your lap.
About 10-18 pounds is a wide range, so simply make sure your dog’s weight appears to be proportional to its general build and height.
- Coat length: Long, sleek and silky
- Amount of shedding: Medium
- Color: Tricolor, Blenheim, ruby, and black & tan.
- Pattern: Bicolor, tricolor, and solid
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel’s disposition is about as good as you’ll find for a companion dog, making it ideal for a life with children and in neighborhood with other dogs. It won’t make a fantastic or aggressive guard dog, but it will get along perfectly with your children and other dogs.
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel are noted for being patient and sociable, and their want to please is regarded a benefit for dog trainers who lack experience in shaping a dog’s behavior. This is fantastic news if you’re new to dog training and could benefit from a more manageable dog.
- Lifespan: 12 to 14 years
- Active: High
- Intelligence: Medium
- Vocalize: Medium
Unfortunately, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a breed associated with various potentially inheritable health issues, owing in part to their increased popularity and the resulting unethical breeding methods. Some of the conditions the breed is associated with are as follows:
- Heart Disease: The breed has a high risk of having Mitral Valve Disease (MVD). This begins as a cardiac murmur, generally at a young age, and progresses until the dog gets heart failure. While medicines can occasionally help with the condition’s management, there is no cure, and premature death is possible.
- Syringomyelia: This is another disease that affects the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel more than other breeds, and because it affects the spine and brain, it can be especially tough for your dog to deal with.
- Joint Issues: Cavaliers are frequently connected with hip dysplasia and luxating patella.
- Eye diseases: Cataracts, dry eye syndrome (as a result of abnormalities with their tear ducts), cherry eye, and corneal ulcers are all examples.
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