When they detect a threat, the Caucasian shepherd, a robust, serious guardian breed, can be brave, self-confident, and violent. They can also become a dedicated, loyal, and affectionate family companion with proper training. The Caucasian shepherd takes its name from the Caucasus highlands, which are home to one of the oldest Molosser dog breeds still in existence. Although Caucasian shepherd is the most prevalent term for these aristocratic canines, others include Caucasian Ovcharka, Caucasian sheepdog, Caucasian mountain dog, Kavkaski Owtscharka, and Kaukasische Schaferhund.
The Caucasian shepherd, which has been around since ancient times, has been utilised for ages to defend properties from trespassers and cattle from predators like as wolves and coyotes. Caucasian dogs vary greatly depending on their origin; over history, this breed was incorporated into the genetics of many of today’s international breeds.
The Caucasian dog is thought to be a close relative of Balkan sheepdogs and Asian mastiffs. These huge, bear-like dogs resemble the Tibetan mastiff in looks and temperament, since they are both working dog breeds with a long history of defending cattle and flocks. The first reference of a big molosser dog, which was utilized by Tigran the II’s army in Armenia from 1st century ago.
However, breeding for personality traits such as physical strength, bravery, acute hearing and sight, endurance, and self-confidence began in the 1920s. They were also successful in developing the breed’s robust, waterproof coat. People can now own Caucasian shepherd dogs in a variety of regions, including those with more harsh temperatures, because to selective breeding.
These dogs historically functioned as guard dogs for shepherds in the Caucasus mountains, defending sheep from predators such as jackals, wolves, and bears. Today, the Caucasian shepherd still functions as a guardian, and they are often utilized as companions as well as watchdogs. Caucasian shepherds, also known as Caucasian Ovcharka, are employed as show dogs.
The Caucasian Shepherd Dog, as a mountain dog, has a thick double coat with profuse feathering — the coat is designed to keep the dog warm in cold winter weather. Gray, fawn, tan, pied, brindle, and white are the colors for this dog; brown dogs of this breed are not permitted by the FCI. Some dogs have longer coats than others, and long-coated breeds are more popular for showing. The average weight for this breed is between 99 and 170 pounds (49 to 85 kg).
- Weight: 49 to 85 kg
- Coat length: Long, thick double coat
- Amount of shedding: High
- Color: All colors are available including gray, fawn, tan, pied, brindle and white
- Pattern: Solid, brindle, or spotted colors
The Caucasian Shepherd Dog, which was bred to protect cattle, is very protective of its family. If not properly socialized, this breed may defend its family and property aggressively. It is not suggested that this dog be left alone with youngsters, owing to its size and the likelihood that the dog may feel the need to protect its family if play becomes harsh. These dogs are very strong and vigilant; they will valiantly defend their people, but they require strict leadership and training to avoid becoming unmanageable.
- Lifespan: 10 to 12 years
- Active: Low
- Intelligence: High
- Vocalize: Medium
Responsible breeders have strived to maintain the highest quality breed standards as set by kennel clubs such as AKC. Dogs bred according to these standards tend to inherit genetic diseases. Among the diseases that need to be considered include:
- Hip dysplasia: A condition in which the hip socket is formed abnormally.
- Obesity: The amount of food a Caucasian shepherd should be fed depends on how much it weighs.
- Heart problem
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