Dog Profile Border Collie

Border Collie Dog Breed Information

The Border Collie is a medium-sized dog that is extremely athletic, intelligent, and full of energy. It is a decedent of sheepdogs from the British Isles and is named for the boundary between England and Scotland. This breed is highly motivated, loyal, and hardworking. They are happiest when they are working or playing, and they will only settle down for snuggle time when the work day is finished.

Border Collie


Border collies are descended from sheepdogs in the British Isles and were developed on the border between England and Scotland (after which it was eventually named). The border collie has maintained loyal to its roots as a tough, hardworking working dog. Queen Victoria became particularly fond of the breed in the mid-1800s, which likely contributed to its reputation as the perfect sheep-herding dog breed.

The breed has maintained its reputation as a very intelligent worker over the years. In the last century, the breed was introduced to sheep ranches in Australia and New Zealand. Border collies have excelled at herding, agility, Frisbee, and a variety of other sports. The AKC formally recognized the border collie in 1995.



The Border Collie has an unique coat. It features a soft and short undercoat and a lengthy, medium-textured topcoat. The Border Collie has a thick undercoat that protects it from the weather. You’ll also notice a distinct feathering on its legs. Because the breed sheds quite a lot, you’ll need to brush your dog frequently — a thorough brushing twice or three times a week is recommended.

Trims are also required because they have lengthy hair. Male can weigh between 30 and 45 pounds, while females weigh between 27 and 42 pounds.

  • Weight: 13 to 23 kg
  • Coat length: Medium, rough and smooth
  • Amount of shedding: Medium
  • Color: Any
  • Pattern: Any
Border Collie


Be aware that the Border Collie takes time to mature – don’t expect this dog to come into its own emotionally or physically until it is 3 to 4 years old. No matter how playful the breed is, there is no doubting the Border Collie’s intelligence. This dog is regarded as the ultimate herding dog because to its ability to react to the herd and achieve outcomes without the need of barking or violence.

The Border Collie, a bundle of boundless energy, will keep going even after a strenuous workout or a long day herding. Because of its herding talents, the breed may attempt to herd family members, but this can be addressed with proper training.

The breed is considered by some to be the smartest of all dog breeds, which can be both rewarding and frustrating. As a trainer, you must establish your dominance early on, or your dog may attempt to abuse the situation. Include treats and play time in all of your training sessions.

The Border Collie has a natural love of performing tricks, and your dog will enjoy performing for an audience. When training your dog, bear in mind that if you keep things positive, you will have more success. Harsh orders or treatment will not produce the desired results. Make sure you bring plenty of patience and consistency.

  • Lifespan: 10 to 17 years
  • Active: High
  • Intelligence: High
  • Vocalize: High

Health Treatment

Responsible breeders have strived to maintain the highest quality breed standards as set by kennel clubs such as AKC. Dogs bred according to these standards tend to inherit genetic diseases. Among the diseases that need to be considered include:

  • Hip dysplasia is a disorder in which the hip sockets do not form properly.
  • Osteochondrosis (OCD) is a condition characterized by the abnormal development of cartilage at the end of a bone.
  • Epilepsy is a neurological disorder characterized by seizures.
  • Collie Eye Anomaly is a genetic illness that affects this breed. It compromises vision, though in border collies, it is usually minor. Breeders can test for this.

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