Cat Profile Birman

Birman Cat Breed Information

Birman cats is known as a social, fun-loving cat who wants to be an involved member of the family. They loves company and attention from families and also kids. They can fit right in with all different types of families.



The origin of the Birman cat is not well known, with much of his history tied in with cultural legends. The Birmans are known as “The Sacred Cat of Burma,” and there is one legend places the first members of this breed in Burma where they were kept as temple cats at Mount Lugh.

There also a story about the breed written by Vivienne Smith, here is a snippet:

"Near him was meditating Sinh, his dear oracle, an all-white cat whose eyes were yellow from the reflection of the golden whiskers of his master and from the golden body of the Goddess with the heavenly eyes; Sinh, the cat to advise, whose ears, nose, tail and extremities of his legs were dark like the color of the earth, mark of the stain and impurity of all that touches or can touch the ground." - Vivienne Smith, author of The Birman Cat - The Sacred Cat of Burma

Realistically, the Birman likely came into existence after being transported from Burma to France in 1919 where they were bred with other cats (often Siameses) to produce the cherubic, mittened Birmans we have today.

In 1959, the breed were sent to the United States and registered with Cat Fanciers’ Associate (CFA) in 1967. Most of the modern Birman in America were originated in France, England, Germany, or Australia.



Birman is a medium-sized cat with a round face, full cheeks, and gorgeous blue eyes that should be oval in shape. These cats are built ‘stocky’, and covered by lush, silky fur that is exquisitely soft to the touch. The ears sit at a slight angle well up on the head. Often they have a pronounced neck ruff and exceptionally fluffy tails. Kittens do not reach full adult status until three years of age as they are slow grower. White “gloves” on the paws are a dominant characteristic of the breed.

Although the Birman’s coat is long and luxuriant, the coat is single length with no undercoat. Hence, their grooming requirements are surprisingly minimal which they only need twice- weekly, with the added plus that when they do need to be brushed or washed, they like the experience! They are especially receptive to being combed and will often ask their owners to do so. Surprisingly for a longhair breed, the Birman’s dense coat does not mat easily. By keeping loose hair out of the coat, the fur almost glows with good health, and shedding is kept at a remarkably low level.

  • Weight: 5 to 6 kg
  • Coat length: Long, silky
  • Amount of shedding: Medium
  • Color: Seal, blue, red, chocolate, cream, and tortie. The standard and lynx pattern points are both recognized
  • Pattern: Standard/Solid and lynx pattern points


Known for having an excellent disposition, the Birman is a friendly, outgoing, self-assured cat. They like to know what’s going on around the house, and will follow their humans to find out, but they aren’t intrusive cats. They participate, but they don’t take over. Birmans do need and want the company of their humans, and don’t like to be left alone.

The Birman is a healthy cat with a great personality. They do quite well with families, and are unusually fond of children. Moderately active, but quiet and gentle by nature, these loyal companions are an excellent addition to active households. Occasionally territorial, the Birman may be less likely to let stray neighborhood cats hang around his territory.

  • Lifespan: 13 to 15 years
  • Active: High
  • Intelligence: High
  • Vocalize: Medium

Health Treatment

The Birman does not have any major breed-related health concerns. Even so, they still need to have regular physical exams with the veterinarian. Keep up with regular dental care to help prevent oral illnesses like gingivitis and dental disease and monitor your Birman’s weight to prevent obesity

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