The Basenji is one of the most unique dog breeds, particularly because it has been shown by DNA that it is descended from the grey wolf. The lack of barking is perhaps the most well-known feature of this small, majestic breed. The breed does, though, sometimes moan and make yodeling-like sounds. The Basenji is a muscular breed but is also very slim and athletic, according to the American Kennel Club (AKC). It was first recognized by the AKC in 1943.
DNA reports have described the Basenji as one of the first domestic dog breeds and a genetically distinct subspecies of the grey wolf. Basenjis were known in ancient Egypt, where pharaohs’ tombs feature likenesses of dogs with all of the Basenji’s characteristics etched into stone.
In central Africa, where it became known as the Congo dog, the breed was further evolved as a highly skilled hunting dog. Basenji is derived from Congolese languages and means “village dog.”
Basenjis were introduced to Europe and the United States in the early to mid-twentieth century, where they were further evolved and perfected. The breed is still a professional tracker and worker with a loyal and affectionate temperament.
“A poised, elegant hunting dog from Africa"
The Basenji has a sleek muscular appearance and runs quickly and easily. He has a light build, a wrinkled head, and a long, curved tail. The Basenji is known as the “barkless dog,” but when he gets excited, he makes a yodel-like sound.
Their hair are short and silky, and it comes in four colors from red, black, tan, to brindle. White is commonly seen on the foot, tail tip, and chest. It is a self-grooming puppy, but brushing it once a week is a smart idea because it enjoys the extra care and affection.
- Weight: 10 to 12 kg
- Coat length: Smooth short
- Amount of shedding: Medium
- Color: Black, brindle, red, tan
- Pattern: Tri-color, all have white feet, chest and tail tip, may have white legs, blaze, and collar.
Basenjis combine a variety of traits into a single dog. This breed can be characterized as alert, caring, assertive, and active, depending on disposition and attitude. Basenjis respond well when introduced to a family when they are still puppies. This breed does not get along with other dogs and is considered dangerous when being with small animals such as rabbits, hamster and cats because it can chase and catch them.
It will form a close bond with its owner given time. It may be reserved at times and will be wary of outsiders (it will begin to circle if it is uncomfortable), as it may feel threatened. On the other hand, it seems to enjoy having a good time on its own. This breed must expend all of its accumulated energy in order to avoid acting out.
- Lifespan: 13 to 14 years
- Active: Low
- Intelligence: Medium
- Vocalize: Low
Responsible breeders aim to uphold the highest breed quality set out by kennel clubs such as the American Kennel Club (AKC). Hereditary disorders are less likely to occur in dogs bred to these requirements. However, the breed is prone to certain genetic health issues. The below are few things to keep in mind:
- Fanconi Syndrome: An inheritable kidney disorder that shows symptoms after the age of four. Genetic Hemolytic Anemia: A blood disorder.
- Hip dysplasia: A disorder that can cause loss of mobility, lameness and painful arthritis in the joints.
- Malabsorption: An autoimmune intestinal disease that if left untreated can lead to death.
- Progressive Retinal Atrophy: A degeneration of the retina of the eye, which may lead to total blindness.
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