Thanks to their fluffy, curled-back ears, American Curls are one of the most easily identifiable cat breeds today. They come in wide variety of colors and pattern but no breed can copy its curled-back ears!
The origin story of American Curls dated back to June 1981 when original breeders Joe and Grace Ruga found a stray, long-haired, black female kitten with the curl’s distinctive curled ears and named her Shulamith. Shulamith became the ancestor of all American Curls today.
In 1986, the breed was exhibited at a cat show for the first time and in 1992, the longhaired version was given championship status by The International Cat Association (TICA). The breed became the first breed admitted to the Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA) Championship Class with both longhair and shorthair divisions in 1993.
American Curls have somewhat large, expressive eyes being augmented by the backward arc of its Lynx-like, tufted ears. At birth, the ears are straight, but begin to take on their unique form within the first weeks. At around 16 weeks, the process of curled ear is complete. Their perky alertness is quite charming to look at. In show cats, the ears should curl within a 90 to 180 degrees arc, but should not touch the back of the head. The American Curl takes three years to mature, and is a strong and healthy cat typically weighing 5-10 lbs with a well-balanced, rectangular body. Whether the fur is short or long, it lies flat against the body. The tails of the long-haired American Curl are stated as luxurious and plumed.
That not all, the breed has a silky, soft coat. Now that is a plus! The soft coat only requires little grooming, but but will benefit from brushing to remove loose hairs. Thanks to a minimal undercoat, however, shedding isn’t much of a problem. The ears are the real maintenance issue, requiring regular cleanings to guard against infection. Although the ears will feel stiff and hard to the touch when fully set, they must be handled with care to avoid breaking the cartilage.
- Weight: 4 to 6 kg
- Coat length: Short and long
- Amount of shedding: Medium
- Color: White, black, blue, cream, red, lilac, brown, and silver
- Pattern: Tabby, tortoiseshell, solid, bicolor, and calico
You best bet that you will have most exciting day ahead of you when you take American Curl as your very own pet. Their personality are relentless and nothing short of outstanding. The breed love spending time with their humans, showing open affectionate and being interactive in every way imaginable.
They can be great companion for the families who are at home a lot. They are easy going, adapting well to other animals, children, and rolling with the flow in any situation. Faithful and oddly dog like, Curls are known to follow their humans around eager to see what are the next fun activities they will have.
They are not big talkers, opting for happy trilling and cooing. Often known as the “Peter Pans” of the cat world, Curls remain kittenish throughout their lives. They are vigorous cats with dynamic and engaging personalities.
- Lifespan: 9 to 16 years
- Active: Medium
- Intelligence: Medium
- Vocalize: Medium
American Curls are generally healthy and aren’t predisposed to any specific genetic disorders. It’s important to remember, however, that both pedigreed and mixed breed cats aren’t 100 percent protected from developing certain health conditions during their lifetime.
Due to the unique shape of the American Curl’s ears, some may be born with narrowed ear canals. These narrowed canals can trap wax, which can lead to ongoing ear infections.
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