The Alaskan malamute may have the appearance of a wolf, but this large-breed Spitz is a loving and hardworking dog valued for its strength and heart. Originally developed to hunt polar bears or pull large sledges, the malamute is now a popular dog breed among families and energetic persons.
Alaskan malamutes are the offspring of wolf-dog crossbreeding. While the breed we know today has wolf ancestors, these dogs have been domesticated and kept on the North American tundra for millennia. Moreover, despite their enormous size and stature, they are amiable and people-oriented, making them wonderful family dogs but lousy guard dogs.
The Alaskan malamute’s history begins in the extreme north, and it is a typical illustration of the synergy that can exist between man and animal struggling to live in the harshest of conditions. The Mahlemiut Inuit tribe in northeastern Alaska originated the breed we know today. While it is thought that the breed was established with wolf lineage many years ago, the malamute is a domesticated breed of dog that has been bred for ages by the Mahlemiut tribe. The indigenous people of northeastern Alaska employed these dogs to pull huge sledges in groups and on hunting expedition excursions for seal and polar bear, or as decoys for bear hunting.
The aim is that the dogs were designed to be versatile workers, despite the fact that steadiness and strength are the breed’s strong features. In contrast, the smaller Siberian husky was bred for speed rather than the enormous strength of the supersized malamute. Malamute strains evolved in polar locations ranging from Alaska to Greenland.
An interest in competitive sled dog racing in the 1920s led to additional breeding and development of the breed. However, only one strain of the malamute breed got AKC certification as early as 1935. (the Kotzebue strain). Despite its adaptability for a wide range of duties, the breed suffered a severe fall after World War II.
To safeguard the breed’s long-term viability, the AKC increased breed designation to include the Hinman and M’Loot strains. Today’s arctic dogs are the consequence of domesticated breeding, and while they are magnificent and lovely creatures, they are entirely dog, not part wolf, as many people wrongly assume. The Alaskan malamute is frequently seen in international dog shows. They compete in the working group and their dignified manner and large size are a commanding presence when they step into the ring.
The double coat of the Alaskan Malamute is made up of a woolly coat and a coat comprised of long guard hairs that are slightly coarse. Because its coat is blown twice a year, expect a lot of hair to fall out (sometimes in clumps). The Alaskan Malamute is considered a shed-free breed after a blast. Furthermore, this breed is odorless and will clean itself as frequently as a cat would.
The Alaskan Malamute’s coat color ranges from light grey to sable to black, with sable to red shadings. Acceptable color combinations in this dog’s undercoats or trimmings, in addition to its points, can be found when presenting it. White is the only approved solid color, and broken colors that stretch over the body are regarded undesirable.
- Weight: 37 to 50 kg
- Coat length: Medium thick double-coat
- Amount of shedding: High
- Color: Solid white or some combination of white, gray, seal, red, black, or various other colors.
- Pattern: Solid, and bicolor
The Alaskan Malamute is a lively dog who will require a lot of care and activities to keep it busy, healthy, and out of trouble. The Alaskan Malamute, often known as an independent dog, prefers to be alone, but it is a loving and faithful pet. Even if there are other animals in the house, it wants to be alone.
Even though the Alaskan Malamute is too friendly to be a guard dog, it makes an outstanding watch dog.
- Lifespan: 10 to 12 years
- Active: High
- Intelligence: High
- Vocalize: Low
Alaskan malamutes have several genetic health conditions as well as several diseases associated with large dog breeds. Dog breeders are advised to get clear test results from the puppy’s parents. Some of the most common health problems in this breed are:
- Hip dysplasia: A disorder in which the hip socket of a dog develops abnormally, causing inflammation and joint complications
- Elbow Dysplasia: Most common cause of forelimb lameness in young, large and giant breed dogs
- Polyneuropathy: A neurological disorder characterized by a dysfunction of multiple peripheral nerves.
- Hypothyroidism: The bodily functions to slow down. Clinical signs of the disorder include lethargy, weight gain, and haircoat and skin changes.
- Von Willebrand’s disease: A hereditary bleeding disorder that is characterized by a deficiency of von Willebrand factor, a specific protein needed to help clot blood.
- Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia (AIHA): The dog’s immune system destroys red blood faster than new ones are produced.
- Chondrodysplasia: Causes abnormal shape and length of limbs and this condition in is passed down to a dog’s puppies.
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