The Akita is a huge, gallant, loyal, and daring Japanese-bred dog. The Akita is generally thoughtful, strong-willed, and silent, however he will bark when necessary. While the breed may be surprisingly gentle and friendly with family members, this breed is ideally suited to an experienced owner and a house free of young children and other canines.
The Akita is a Japanese breed that was called after its birthplace. The breed originated in the highlands of northern Japan as a watchdog and all-purpose hunter, and it may be dated back many hundred years or more. The breed has always represented health and good fortune to the Japanese people. Japan designated the Akita as a Japanese Natural Monument in 1931, and a breed standard was established in 1934. World War II and Japan’s privations led in a government order to exterminate all Akitas. Some were only saved by releasing them into the mountains or breeding them with German shepherds.
Following the war, efforts were made to rebuild the breed by carefully breeding the survivors and attempting to eliminate the features of crosses with other breeds. Helen Keller, who fell in love with the breed while touring in Japan, is thought to have brought the first Akita to the United States in 1937. When the breed were introduced to the United States by the servicemen after World War II, their popularity skyrocketed.
The American Kennel Club (AKC) first recognized the breed in 1972. Akita standards in Japan differ from those in the United States. Japanese Akitas are only available in a restricted number of colors, however American Akitas are accepted in all hues. The American has more crossbred features and is larger and heavier-boned. American version have a bearlike head while Japanese version have a more foxlike head. While American Akitas often have a dark mask, that is not allowed in Japanese standards.
The Akita’s powerful shape is accentuated by a lovely thick double coat. The coarse and robust outer coat, with medium-length fur, protects from water. The wool and rich undercoat provide weather protection. The coat might be brindle, white, sesame, or red fawn in color, with a splash of white all over the body.
Weekly brushings with a grooming comb and a steel pin-brush will be required for the double coat. Their coat does not need to be trimmed or shaved, although this breed will “blow” its coat twice a year. This lasts a couple of weeks, usually in the early spring and in the early fall/late summer. Male weigh 75 to 120 pounds, while females weigh 75 to 110 pounds.
- Weight: 35 to 65 kg
- Coat length: Short, thick, double-layered coat
- Amount of shedding: High
- Color: Brindle and pinto (each with white markings)
- Pattern: Bicolor
The Akita is a social breed that loves to be part of a group rather to being alone. The Akita is a clean and intelligent dog that is easy to housebreak. They also have a tendency to be dominant over other animals. This breed dislikes being alone, and if left alone for an extended period of time, it will become bored. This breed enjoys children and is friendly and kind with them. The Akita, on the other hand, may be possessive of children in its household and may try to protect the child from other pets or animals. Socialization with other animals should begin as soon as possible to avoid aggression.
- Lifespan: 10 to 13 years
- Active: High
- Intelligence: Medium
- Vocalize: Low
Responsible breeders have strived to maintain the highest quality breed standards as set by kennel clubs such as AKC. Dogs bred according to these standards tend to inherit genetic diseases. Among the diseases that need to be considered include:
- Hip Dysplasia: This is an inherited condition that can lead to arthritis and lameness. Dogs with hip dysplasia should not be bred.
- Gastric dilatation-volvulus: This is bloating due to eating and drinking too fast, leading to gas production. If the stomach twists, it cuts off the blood supply and becomes a medical emergency.
- Hypothyroidism: This is an underactive thyroid gland and can be corrected with diet and medication.
- :Sebaceous Adenitis (SA): This inherited autoimmune skin condition in Akitas leads to the inflammation and destruction of the sebaceous glands in the skin. It is mostly a cosmetic problem with loss of hair on the head and back.
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