List of Old World Tarantula Species

26 Old World Tarantulas Species

Old World Tarantulas, are located from Asia, Europe and Africa. They are vary from New World Tarantulas in that they lack urticating hairs. Instead, they bite as a defense measure (as well for subduing prey). Furthermore, these Old World spiders are significantly less docile and are significantly more likely to bite an adversary (including humans) if provoked.

Although the effects of Old World tarantula venoms have not been thoroughly explored, data shows that they have stronger venom than their New World counterparts. Significant bites have occasionally resulted in hospitalization, according to anecdotal stories from individuals in the tarantula pet trade.

Symptoms include localized pain and swelling, exhaustion, moderate to severe muscle cramping, labored breathing and fever, sometimes delayed days after the initial bite.

Orange Baboon Tarantula

Old World Tarantulas Behavior

Old World Tarantulas are known for their aggressive behavior and swift bite as opposed to the New World Tarantulas. The OW tarantulas are include:

  • Ceratogyrus
    1. African Red Baboon
    2. zimbabwean straight horned baboon
    3. African rear-horned baboon
    4. Goliath Birdeater
    5. Greater Horned Baboon
    6. Zimbabwe Grey Baboon
    7. Namibian Sandy horned baboon
  • Hysterocrates
    1. Hercules Baboon
    2. cameroon red baboon
  • Heteroscodra
    1. Togo starburst
  • Pterinochilus
    1. Kilimanjaro Mustard Baboon
    2. dodoma fort hall baboon
    3. orange baboon
  • Cyriopagopus
    1. Cobalt Blue
    2. Thailand zebra leg
    3. chinese bird spider
    4. chinese earth tiger
    5. malaysian earth tiger
  • Poecilotheria
    1. gooty sapphire ornamental
    2. indian ornamental
    3. slate-red ornamental tree spider
    4. pederson’s ornamental tarantula
    5. wessel’s tiger ornamental
    6. Ornate tiger spider
    7. Sri lanka ornamental
  • Pelinobius
    1. King Baboon

Old World Tarantulas can be described as bold, apprehensive, jittery, defensive, and aggressive. Although certain individuals can grow to be docile – even when labelled as demons – they are often unpredictable when compared to New World species. Some will just teleport across the area at breakneck speed, while others will hunker down and wait for any threat to pass.

Others will bite and ask questions later, so always be cautious with old world species and, above all, use caution. When they feel danger or are startled, several Old World Tarantula species will hunker down in the hope of going unnoticed. If the threat persists, they may elect to flee before displaying any defensive or aggressive behavior. When you approach the enclosure, other tarantula species will quickly adopt a threat position, indicating that they do not want you in their habitat.



Tarantula spiders from the New World primarily consume insects and other arthropods captured by surprise or ambush. Tarantulas can kill animals as large as lizards, mice, and birds. The tarantula’s mouth is positioned on the lower front section of its prosoma, beneath its chelicerae. The mouth is a short straw-shaped hole that can only suck, therefore anything put into it must be liquid.

Prey containing a large amount of solid parts, such as mice, must be crushed and ground up or predigested, which is done by spraying the prey with digestive secretions ejected from chelicerae apertures.

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