While most of these frogs are renowned as rainforest gems, they may bring death or severe agony to naïve victims. Some of the most beautiful things on the earth are also among the most lethal especially when it comes to the poisonous dart frog. But that’s exactly the point: by sticking out with bright colors, a species may fend off possible predators. This is the method employed by these small, brightly colorful, and very lethal frogs.
Poison Dart Frogs are among the most beautiful frogs on the planet, which is unfortunate because they are also among the deadliest. Poison Dart Frogs are widespread across northern and central South America, primarily in the Amazon Rainforest, whence they received their name. They don’t shoot poison darts as the name indicates. Their toxicity is derived from their food, which comprises of ants, mites, and termites.
15 Colorful Poisonous Dart Frog
1. Golden Poison Dart Frog (Phyllobates terribilis)
The golden poison frog is the most dangerous of all poisonous frogs, and possibly the most dangerous animal on the planet. Even its scientific name, Phyllobates terribilis, demonstrates how little creatures can be extremely dangerous. The poison it carries is obtained from its nutrition, and the average wild golden poison frog generates enough poison to kill ten humans, depending on location and nutrition. Regardless of having this staggeringly powerful self-defense, it is still an endangered species with decreasing population due to habitat loss and pollution.
2. Black-legged Poison Dart Frog (Phyllobates bicolor)
The black-legged poison dart frog pretty much resembles the golden dart frog. True, and both of these frogs are members of a group of three species of frogs (including the kokoe poison dart frog) whose venom has been used to poison darts by humans.
The black-legged poison dart frog, found in Columbia, is considered endangered owing to habitat degradation. Though it is smaller and more slender than the golden dart frog, and its venom is weaker, experts believe its venom is potent enough to kill people.
3. Kokoe Poison Dart Frog (Phyllobates aurotaenia)
The kokoe poison dart frog is the third most deadly member of the Phyllobates genus, trailing behind the golden poison dart frog and the black-legged poison frog. It’s also the smallest of the three, but what it lacks in stature it more than makes up for in song. Its mating cry has been described as both loud and bird-like. Instead of struggling for supremacy, males will just face off and shout out loudly until one of them backs down. But don’t be fooled by their voice; these frogs contain batrachotoxin in their skin glands, which can be lethal to humans.
4. Golfodulcean Poison Frog (Phyllobates vittatus)
This lovely plant belongs to the Phyllobates genus and is the fourth most poisonous member. Its venom produces agonizing agony, minor convulsions, and, in rare cases, paralysis. Scientists are uncertain how the Golfodulcean derives its toxicity; however, they are convinced it comes from somewhere other than the body and is not self-produced. The Golfodulcean, which lives in Costa Rica, is threatened by habitat loss.
5. Lovely Poison Frog (Phyllobates lugubris)
The striped poison dart frog is another name for the lovely poison frog. This is one of the least poisonous Phyllobates species (but is still in the most toxic genus of poison frogs). Even if it appears to be nice, it is nevertheless lethal. It can contain enough poison to cause heart failure in predators that eat it. The lovely poison frog is native to Central America and is found throughout Costa Rica, southeastern Nicaragua, and central Panama.
6. Dyeing Dart Frog (Dendrobates tinctorius)
The dyeing dart frog is one of the biggest poison dart frog species, though it only gets to be around two inches long. It belongs to the Dendrobates genus, which is less poisonous than the Phyllobates genus. According to research, the dyeing dart frog’s vivid color pattern not only alerts surrounding predators of its unpalatability as food, but it also provides superb concealment from a distance.
This brightly colored frog may be found in Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, and Suriname. According to legend, skin secretions from the dyeing dart frog were formerly used to color the feathers of immature parrots.
7. Yellow-banded Poison Dart Frog (Dendrobates leucomelas)
It’s easy to understand why the yellow-banded poison dart frog is also known as the bumblebee poison frog. Despite having a lesser toxicity level than certain species, there’s a reason they’re colored like a caution sign. The yellow-banded poison dart frog is one of the biggest species in the Dendrobates genus, and females are frequently bigger than males.
Found primarily in Venezuela, northern Brazil, Guyana, and southeastern Colombia, yellow-banded poison dart frogs thrive in a wet, humid habitat.
8. Blue Poison Dart Frog (Dendrobates tinctorius azureus)
Southern Suriname and parts of Brazil are home to the blue poison dart frog. Despite the fact that all individuals of this species have a beautiful blue color, the black dots on each individual are distinct. These frogs have enough venom to damage or kill humans. They, like most other poison frog species, lose their toxicity in captivity due to a change in food. Blue poison dart frogs are also popular pets.
9. Green and Black Dart Frog (Dendrobates auratus)
Though not as poisonous as some other species, the green and black poison dart frog contains enough venom to make a human sick. These lovely tiny frogs come in a variety of colors of green, from dark forest to mint, lime, emerald, and turquoise, and can even be pale yellow or cobalt blue.
These brightly colored frogs were imported to Hawaii from Central America and the northwestern sections of South America, where they have thrived.
10. Strawberry Dart Frog (Oophaga pumilio)
The strawberry poison dart frog is not the most dangerous poison frog in the world, but it is the most dangerous of the Oophaga genus. And you should be aware of this species since you might not know what you’re looking at at first. They have been placed in Oophaga pumilio, formerly known as Dendrobates pumilio.
This species is typically brilliant red, however there are between 15 and 30 various color variants that range from totally red to blue to green with black dots. This species’ eye-catching colors serve as a warning that it is hazardous. The strawberry poison dart frog, like other dart frogs, gets its toxicity from its diet of ants and termites. In captivity, these frogs lose all traces of poison.
11. Granular Poison Frog (Oophaga granulifera)
The granular poison frog is found in Costa Rica and Panama, and its vivid red body acts as a warning of its toxicity. Despite its vibrant colors and built-in defense mechanism, it is classified as vulnerable because to habitat loss and degradation caused by agriculture, logging, and human settlement. It is also captured for the pet trade, however the magnitude of the catch is unknown.
12. Harlequin Poison Frog (Oophaga histrionica)
The harlequin poison frog has a whimsical name, but these tiny fellas generate histrionicotoxins, which are distinct from the very lethal batrachotoxins produced by other frogs such as the golden poison dart frog. Scientists are especially interested in it because of its unique qualities and how it affects the body. This fascinating and unique species is located in Columbia and is critically endangered.
13. Zimmerman’s Poison Frog (Ranitomeya variabilis)
The Zimmerman’s poison frog also known as variable poison frog or the spash-back poison frog may be found in the rainforests of Ecuador and Peru. But don’t try to find it! If you do, don’t touch it. Variable poison frogs are small enough to be termed thumbnail frogs and eat largely on bromeliad plants.
The color of the frog’s “splashed” back can range from lemon yellow to fiery orange to blazing red, and it can cover the whole back, leaving little or no black save for the legs and bottom.
14. Red-Backed Poison Frog (Ranitomeya reticulata)
The red-backed poison frog is the second most toxic species in its genus, trailing only the varied poison frog. While this frog’s toxicity is far lower than that of the variable, it may still kill smaller animals like as birds and inflict significant harm to people. You may thank ants for this frog’s toxicity since it gets it from the neurotoxic venom of the ants it eats.
This is one of the smaller species of poison dart frogs and is native to the Amazon rainforests of Peru and Ecuador.
15. Blessed Poison Frog (Ranitomeya benedicta)
One of the largest species of thumbnail poison dart frogs is Blessed poison frog. It has a red head and a long snout-to-vent length, which distinguishes it from other Ranitomeya species like the tiny red-backed poison frog. They may be found in the Pampas del Sacramento lowland rainforest in southern Loreto and the eastern San Martn Region in northern Peru.
These small amphibians are facing threat of over collection for the pet trade as they are a favorite among hobbyists.
Visit Our Instagram Page for daily fun facts!