The otters are mammal that loves to swim. This animal is also very adorable if you look closely, and it is just as cute as your pet. Most can be found all over the world except Australia and also Antarctica. It is a small animal with charming ears and nose. The body and tail are built long to make it easier to swim. If you want to know, it has thick and soft fur. These animals have 13 types of species that live in rivers, lakes, and even the Pacific Ocean.
1. Eurasian Otter (Lutra Lutra)
This species is the most common of all otters. You can find it from Eurasia to the Arctic Circle. Their diet covers a wide range of variations and they are able to adapt to the surrounding environment quickly. But they only inhabit unpolluted fresh water such as lakes, rivers, and ponds. It is as long as there is enough food supply for him to survive.
In the Shetland Islands, England, several of these species have been known to leave the waters and go ashore to hunt rabbits. Eurasian Otters can be found in every district of England, including several rivers. If you want to know, this species is becoming extinct day by day due to logging activities, pollution and even wildlife hunting.
2. Hairy-Nosed Otter (Lutra Sumatrana)
Hairy-nosed otters can be found in coastal areas as well as large inland rivers throughout Southeast Asia. Among the countries that can be found are Myanmar, Southern Thailand, Cambodia, South Vietnam and of course Malaysia. This species cannot survive long due to poaching. It is one of the rarest species. Until 1998, it was considered extinct but its population has since been rediscovered.
3. Spotted-Necked Otter (Hydrictus Maculicollis)
Commonly found in Lake Victoria and Zambia. Unfortunately it is rarely found in some lakes and rivers.
4. Smooth-Coated Otter (Lutrogale Persipicillata)
Can be found in Java, Sumatra and Borneo.Smooth-coated otters can also be found in North to Southwest China as well as the eastern region between Nepal and Bhutan. They also can be found in India and Pakistan.
The furs of these otters are finer and shorter than the rest of the otters. This species uses aromas to communicate among itself and also with other animals. In the past, this species was widely kept by fishermen to catch fish and other seafood.
5. North American River Otter (Lontra Canadensis)
North American River otter is only found in the United States as well as Canada. It has been reintroduced in the United States to increase reproduction. This is because the number of North American river beavers began to decline in the early 1900s. It is caused by poaching as well as water pollution.
6. South American River Otter (Lontra Provocar)
South American River otter can be found only in Chile and Argentina. This species once bred in large numbers from the Cauquenes River to the Magellan region in Chile. However, it has already been restricted to seven remote areas from Cautín to Futaleufú due to poaching activities.
7. Neotropical River Otter (Lontra Longicaudis)
Neotropical River otter has a large population of all the Lontra families. Its breeding grounds can be found from Argentina to South America and even Mexico.
It is also known to be the greatest species of all otters as it can inhabit a variety of environments including wastewater treatment plants, paddy and sugarcane fields, swamps and cool lakes in the Andes of Ecuador.
8. Sea Otter (Lontra Felina)
This species is easily found along the west coast of the South American continent. Due to some unsuitable habitats and an increase in human population, the population for this species is declining day by day.
9. Giant Otter (Pteronura Brasiliensis)
The largest species of all can be found in South America, Peru, Venezuela and Brazil. It has a length that can reach 2 meters. These giant otters live in groups of 20, and will attack predators such as Caiman.
10. Asian Small-clawed Otters (Amblonyx Cinereus)
Also known as the Small Oriental Otter. It is often exhibited in zoos making it one of the more common beaver species seen by the public. This species can be found in India, Taiwan and southern China.
11. African Clawless Otters (Aonyx Capensis)
Also known as Cape Otter, it can be found in much of Saharan Africa. This species can reach a weight of up to 18 kg.
12. Congo Clawless Otters (Aonyx Congicus)
There is some debate about this Congo clawless otter being a sub -species of the African clawless otter. This is because it is considered an unknown species by the IUCN Otter Expert Group. Its habitat is in the Congo rainforest.
13. River Otter (Enhydra Lutris)
It is often found in areas sheltered from strong sea winds, such as rocky beaches, dense forests, and even coral reefs. Sea otter originates from the shores of the North Pacific Ocean. Today, its population is still stable and can be found on the east coast of Russia, Alaska, British Columbia, Washington, and California. There are good reports of reconsideration of this species in Mexico and Japan.
Although they usually forage on their own, sea otters tend to rest together and connect arms in same-sex groups called rafts. A raft usually contains 10 to 100 tails, but the largest raft ever seen contains more than 2000 tails.
Want more curious facts? Click here to go on Our Instagram to see every amazing yet peculiar animal traits