The majority of large horses are draught horses. To put it another way, they are bred to haul big equipment and supplies. The majority of them are not riding horses because they are too large. Even now, several of these breeds are used for pulling.
The Shire horse is easily the world’s largest horse. These things make other horses appear dwarf-like. They can weigh up to 2,400 pounds and stand 17 to 19 hands tall. They were carefully developed to be huge in order to work on farms and in factories. This resulted in their current colossal size. This breed used to haul barges, pull carts, and pull large ploughs.
They are employed for both agricultural and industrial purposes. However, because most farms are now mechanized, these horses are on the verge of extinction. Their numbers are decreasing as many people do not want to retain large horses unless they have a practical purpose for them. However, several groups are working to resurrect this breed. Their numbers have slowly rebounded, although they are still classified as endangered.
The Clydesdale is a type of draught horse that originated on Scottish farms. Despite its diminutive size in the past, the Clydesdale is rapidly increasing and has established itself as one of the world’s largest horse breeds. A Clydesdale horse stands 64-72 inches tall and weighs 1,800 to 2,000 pounds. Some individuals are taller than others, standing 18 hands higher and weighing up to 2,200 pounds (nearly 1 ton).
The British Royal Cavalry used Clydesdale horses to lead parades during national holidays and feasts. A horse must be at least 17 hands tall when standing to be used for this purpose (68 inches tall). The chosen horse must also be capable of transporting a police officer and two 56-kilogram silver drums.
Another large horse is the Percheron. It comes from France, specifically the Huisne river valley. This region was originally known as Perche, and it is from there that the breed got its name. This horse’s size fluctuates greatly. They can range in height from 15 to 19 hands, indicating a wide range of sizes. While they were well-known in France, nothing is known about their true history and growth.
They could date back to 496 A.D. This breed differs from other draught horses in that it is primarily influenced by Arabian and Oriental horses. This practice dates back to the eighth century. The effect lasted till the nineteenth century. This horse has a lighter neck than certain other breeds as a result of this impact. It is, however, completely capable of towing huge loads.
This was a well-known coach horse in the 19th century. Coaches are usually employed in horse exhibitions, parades, and driving nowadays, because they are rarely used. They can still conduct forestry and agriculture labor as needed.
4. Belgian Draft
The Belgian Draft horse is also known as the Brabant horse and the Belgian Heavy Horse. It is a draught horse from the contemporary Belgian area of Brabant. This horse breed is one of the most powerful of the heavy horse breeds. Belgian large draught horses range in height from 16.2 to 17 hands (168 cm – 173 cm).
An adult Belgian weighs more than 2,000 pounds on average. Belgian horses in the United States are slightly smaller than European Brabant horses, but they are built the same way. These horses are now mostly used for heavy farm work and forestry. They are, nevertheless, still suitable as riding horses. This is one of the few draught breeds that isn’t near extinction.
5. Dutch Draft
The Dutch Draft is a relatively recent breed of horse. They were not seen until after World War I, when Ardennes and Belgian Draft horses were frequently bred together. This breed has a large build. It gained popularity in Zeeland and Groningen, primarily for farm work and other heavy pulling jobs.
However, it did not gain popularity until World War II, when it sustained significant losses and became a scarce breed. This is most certainly one of the most powerful horse breeds. They frequently compete in horse-drawn ploughing events, which they frequently win. Despite this, they are significantly smaller than other draught horses. Mares are typically 15 hands tall, while stallions are 17 hands tall.
6. American Cream
The American White Horse, also known as the Cream Horse, is a horse breed that originated in the United States and was used to tow vehicles for American nobility in the 1900s. Females range in height from 60 to 64 inches and weigh 680–730 kilos, while males are slightly higher at 64-67 inches and weigh 820 kg or more.
This breed initially appeared in Iowa in the early 20th century. They began with a cream-colored horse named Old Granny. During the Great Depression, the breed struggled to gain traction. Several breeders, however, sought to enhance the breed, and the breed registry was established in 1944. This breed has declined in favor as farming has gotten more mechanized.
The Russian Heavy Draft is a horse breed from Russia. It was developed in Imperial Russia in the second half of the 19th century. It was dubbed the Russian Ardennes after the Russian Revolution. It is frequently abbreviated as “Ardennes.” This was one of numerous draught breeds being created at the time.
It is, however, an older breed in general and smaller than most other draught breeds available today. This small horse has a lot of power for its size. It also produces a lot of milk and is occasionally used to make kumis. Horses are also grown for meat in several nations.
Suffolk, sometimes known as Suffolk Punch or Suffolk Sorrel, is a British horse-drawn horse breed. Because it is a heavily drawn horse, it has a large build and amazing strength. Suffolk horses are well-known for being hardworking and lively creatures. They are Britain’s tallest horse, standing between 16.1 and 17.2 hands tall. In most cases, they weigh around 2,000 pounds, while larger horses are possible.
These are still widely used in forestry and agriculture operations today. They are also quite successful in the advertising world, owing to their stunning appearance. This is one of the more uncommon horse breeds on the list. They are ancient and have reached a genetic bottleneck as a result of the tremendous losses suffered during World War II. Today, there are very few left in the United Kingdom.
9. Lithuanian Heavy Draught
This horse is typically 15 to 16 hands tall. They are not as big as some of the other breeds on our list, but they are still rather powerful. They are also available in a variety of hues, including bay, chestnut, black, grey, and roan. They have muscular legs and powerful, robust legs.
This draught horse was designed in the 19th and 20th centuries. They were developed in Lithuania, as the name implies, and are still largely found there now. As you can expect, they are mostly employed for heavy draught labor. They are, however, occasionally used in the production of meat.
Dole, also known as Dolehest horse or Dole Gudbrandsdal, is a Norwegian horse-drawn carriage. This horse has a broad and deep chest, as well as a broad back and a lot of muscle on their body. Dole horses stand 14.1 to 15.3 hands (57 to 63 inches) tall and weigh 540 to 630 kg (1,190 to 1,390 pounds).