There are around 250 registered farm cow breeds worldwide, with more than 80 easily available to producers in the United States. When it comes to crossbred cattle, the possibilities are endless. Crossbreeding is a quick way to grow a herd, yet purebred lineages are still vital. High-quality purebreds produce high-quality crossbreds. This is not a “TOP TEN” list, and there are undoubtedly other excellent cow breeds that are good with farmers. This is merely a list of 10 farm cow breeds to consider for young farmers.
10 Farm Cow Breed
1. Blonde d’Aquitaine
The Blonde d’Aquitaine is a farm cow breed from the Garrone River region of France that is a cross of three natural cow lines. The Blonde d’Aquitaine was introduced to the United States in 1972. Blondes are a heavier breed, with bulls measuring 2,600 pounds and cows reaching 1,700 pounds on average.
They are recognized for their calm behavior, ease of calving, and heat tolerance.. Blondes color can range from nearly white to brown, but generally as the names suggests they are blonde
The Beefmaster is a widespread farm cow breed found mostly in the hot, arid regions of the United States. Beefmasters were created in Texas by Tom Lasater to provide a better yielding carcass on cattle that are resistant to heat and insects. This is because he wanted more meat from his Brahman cattle. In the 1930s, he utilized a cross that was 25 percent Hereford, 25 percent Shorthorn, and 50 percent Brahman.
This hybrid has pesticide and heat tolerance as well as high meat quality. He picked six features to breed for and entirely overlooked non-commercial qualities such as color, allowing the Beefmaster to be any color or pattern.
3. Belted Galloway
This breed, known as “Oreo cattle” because of their black color (perhaps brown or red) with a white stripe through their middles, originated in Scotland as a solid-color cow, but gained its belts through the infusion of Dutch Belted blood. They were initially introduced into the United States in 1950. Although Belted Galloways are generally bought for their decorative traits, they also produce lean, high-quality meat.
Although they are a medium-sized farm cow breed, their carcass dressed weights can approach 60% of their life weight. Belties have a double coat of hair, allowing them to stay warm in the winter without acquiring a layer of backfat like some other breeds. Galloway cattle are known for hardiness, ease of management and great mothering ability.
4. British White
British White cow originated in East Anglia, England. Polled White Park is another name for them. The British White was introduced to the United States in 1941, and it was reintroduced in 1976 and 1989. The breed society was established in 1976. British Whites are noted for their hardiness, high grade steak, and calm behavior. Cows weigh 1,000 pounds, while bulls weigh 1,500 pounds.
British Whites have an all-white body with black points (similar to Siamese cats), which means their eyes, ears, nose, hooves, and tail hair are all black.
Devon breed is originated from the English counties of Somerset and Devon. The Devon was also divided into distinct lines, with the meatier stock being used for beef and the cows with more dairy character being used as a dual purpose cow, today known as the Milking Devon.
Devon bulls weigh 2,200 pounds, while cows average 1,100 pounds. These farm cows are recognized for their adaptability, early maturation, stocky build, and tolerance to both cold and hot conditions. These cows are a magnificent ruby red color and because the Devon is an uncommon breed, it is also difficult to locate.
This farm cow originated in Bavaria, Germany, and was initially bred for meat, milk, and labor. It was introduced to the United States in 1971 as part of an artificial insemination effort. Gelbviehs are red with pigmented skin and were horned at one time.
In the United States, however, many are naturally polled as a result of mating with polled foundation females. They are recognized for their high fertility, ease of calving, being nice moms, and having calves that develop quickly. The name Gelbvieh is pronounced “gelp-fee” and simply means yellow cow in German.
In the 1700s, the Hereford breed was developed in England to meet the rising food demand produced by the industrial revolution. The original Herefords were selected for high beef productivity and efficient production, and these traits are still significant in the breed today. Herefords became quite popular in the United States due to their early maturity and fattening capabilities. As consumer preferences shifted in the 1950s, Herefords were bred to be leaner, with less fat and more red meat.
Herefords are red farm cow with a white face, underside and tail switch (the switch is the long hair at the end of the tail). These cows should be a beautiful cherry red and not have any black hairs any where on the body. Both horned and polled Herefords are still widely used in the United States. They are noted for their longevity as well as being gentle, easy calvers, good milkers, and moms.
8. Murray Grey
The Murray Grey is an Australian cow breed from New South Wales. The Murray Grey began as an appealing hybrid of Angus and Shorthorn in 1905, with the breed association formed in 1963. Murray Greys are noted for producing high-quality meat, maturing early, being gentle, and making wonderful moms.
Murray Grey has black skin, which is visible around the eyes and at the tip of the nose. These are stocky, low-set cattle that weigh 2,000 pounds for bulls and 1,200 pounds for females.
The Pinzgauer hails from Austria’s Pinz Valley, which is located in the Alps. The Pinzgauer is a pleasant breed that adapts well to a variety of environments. Pinzgauer bulls typically weigh 2,500 pounds, while cows weigh around 1,500 pounds. They are chestnut brown on the sides and white on the top line from the shoulders back to the tail. The underside of this farm cow is white as well.
This Swiss breed is one of the world’s oldest and most extensively dispersed. They have been raised in the United States since the late 1800s, but their popularity peaked in the late 1960s. The majority of Simmentals are red and white, however the breed has no color limitations. These farm cows are well-known for their quick growth, milk output, and enormous size.
Although primarily used as dairy cattle in Europe, American Simmentals are bred for beef production.
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