Dragonfly is to insect what hummingbird is to bird: a fleeting presence typically accompanied by a dazzling burst of color. Dragonflies have been around for a long time, with the first ones appearing 300 million years ago. Modern dragonflies have wingspans ranging from two to five inches. They can also flit around like a helicopter, going up, down, sideways, forward, and back. Often, the only thing you see is a flash of color.
These brilliant colors aren’t just for show; they also serve a purpose. Certain colors serve as effective camouflage, allowing dragonflies to blend in with their surroundings and remain safe. They could, however, be used to attract mates or to deter would-be predators. Because dragonflies have exceptional vision, finding a spouse generally begins with identifying the appropriate color.
1. Scarlet Dwarf (Nannophya pygmaea)
The scarlet dwarf’s name comes from the bright crimson color on its thorax. This dragonfly species is renowned to be one of the smallest in the world, as well as one of the most colorful. They are distinguished by their long, narrow wings and slim bodies.
There is little knowledge on the scarlet dwarf’s environment, however it is known to be restricted to Asia, and only at higher altitudes.
2. Sapphire Flutterer (Rhyothemis triangularis)
The sapphire flutterer is one of Rhyothemis’ tiniest species. This dragonfly species is distributed throughout eastern and southern Asia, as well as in Australia. It has a dark blue abdomen with a few light streaks on the outside. When exposed to sunlight, its entire body glows purple and is a sight to behold.
3. Magenta Dragonfly (Trithemis aurora)
This dragonfly, sometimes known as the ‘Crimson Marsh Glider,’ is quite lovely. It is a medium-sized dragonfly that lives in weedy tanks and ponds. Males and females are noticeably different. Males have a reddish-brown face and a bright red thorax, whilst females have a brilliant brown face, a brown median, and a black lateral on their thorax.
4. Beautiful Demoiselle (Calopteryx virgo)
Another remarkable species of European damselfly, this dragonfly already has the word “beautiful” written in its name, and you can probably see why just by looking at it. Males have dark blue-black wings while females have shiny brown-green wings.
They are found in portions of the United Kingdom and Southern Ireland. A gorgeous demoiselle in flight is a magnificent sight to behold. The beautiful demoiselle takes second place on our list because to her incredible agility and grace.
5. Ebony Jewelwing (Calopteryx maculata)
The Ebony Jewelwing is one of 150 species of broad-winged damselfly found in the eastern United States and south-eastern Canada. Depending on the light, the male’s shiny, iridescent body might appear blue or green.
6. Golden Ring Dragonfly (Cordulegaster boltonii)
The golden-ringed dragonfly is one of the largest dragonfly species in the United Kingdom. The entire body is black and lined with gold bands. It has green eyes that come together at a point on top of its skull. The Golden Ringed Dragonfly is found practically everywhere in England, Scotland, and Ireland.
7. Twelve Spotted Dragonfly (Libellula pulchella)
The twelve-spotted skimmer gets its name from the twelve brown patches on its wings. This dragonfly is common in the United States, southern Canada, and parts of Mexico. It has a powder-like texture on its thorax, giving it a magnificent shimmering aspect.
8. Black Saddlebags (Tramea lacerata)
In North America, the Black Saddlebag, also known as the Jagged-edged Saddlebag, is common. Black Saddlebags are skimmers with shorter wings and squatter bodies, distinguished by a prominent black splotch on either side where their wings connect the body (giving them the appearance of carrying saddlebags) and enormous ruby eyes in the back of the head. Black saddlebags are plentiful throughout the United States and Canada.
9. Emperor Dragonfly (Anax imperator)
The Emperor Dragonfly is comparable in size, but is found primarily in Europe, Africa, Asia, and the Middle East. The male Emperor Dragonfly has an apple green thorax and head, as well as a sky-blue abdomen with a black dorsal stripe. The female Emperors, on the other hand, are predominantly green with similar markings. The Emperor Dragonfly can be found throughout Africa, Europe, the Arabian Peninsula, and Asia.
10. Filigree Skimmer (Pseudoleon superbus)
The Filigree skimmer can be found in the Southwestern United States. The Filigree Skimmer is most often found near stream beds, where its greyish black body and transparent wings with black spots show out against light grey or green surfaces. The Filigree Skimmer can be found in Texas, Arizona, New Mexico, California, and Northern Mexico.
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