Cats are known to be the greatest predator in the world. They have great physique and very intelligent. Each one has its own sizes and colors. The four largest species of big cats that can roar are tigers, lions, jaguars and leopards. However, there are some big cats that are capable of injuring humans if not careful. Big cat is amazing to see but cannot be touched if found in its habitat. Below is a list of the big cat species in the world.
1. Siberian Tiger
The Siberian tiger is also referred to as the Amur Tiger. It is the largest living cat species in the world. This tiger inhabits Sikhote Alin, a mountain range between Primorsky and Khabarovsk Krais, Russia. There are 10 subspecies of tigers you may know in the world, including Bengal tiger, Sumatran tiger, Malayan tiger and Indochina tiger.
All of these big cats have a black striped pattern on their fur coats that are either orange – white, or white. It can stand about three feet high of the shoulders. This is not as tall as a lion, but it is longer and usually heavier. A male can grow up to 11 feet and weigh 215.3kg while a female is slightly smaller at 137.5kg and has a length of up to nine feet.
2. African Lion
The African lion is the second largest wild cat species in the world after the tiger. It is commonly found in Africa. you can also find it in Gir Forest National Park, India. Lions live in groups. The group is a family that can consist of 2 to 40 lions. This includes three or four males, the rest females and a young lion. All lionesses are related, and female cubs usually live with this group. Lions hunt prey mainly on mammals such as wild deer, zebras, deer, nilgai, wild boar and buffalo.
Jaguars are a species of Panthera native to the dense rainforests of South America. It is the third largest cat in the world. Jaguar cats are stalk predators. The Jaguar can adapt its environment which includes swimming ability, night lifestyle and hunting techniques. Like other big cats, jaguars have a unique method of killing prey, referred to as occipital crunching . It pierced the prey’s skull with one powerful bite. This action can kill its prey instantly. Jaguars can live for 10 to 12 years. It is capable of growing up to 76 cm at the shoulder and weighs 96 kg.
4. Mountain Lion / Cougar / Puma
Cougars also referred to as puma or mountain lions are native to America. This species is in the same habitat as other predators such as wolves, bears, coyotes and jaguars. This mountain lion may not roar like an African lion but it has a strong bite. If you want to know, even if the puma and the jaguar are in the same habitat, the jaguar will respect the puma and avoid fighting with it. This big cats can reach a weight of up to 100 kg for males and 64 kg for females. It is capable of being 90 cm high at the shoulder.
5. Persian Star Leopard
Leopards are stalkers just like the two species above. It is one of the five large feral cats in the world that can adapt to a wide variety of habitats in the world. This includes rainforests to deserts. This species has eight surviving subspecies namely African Leopard, Indian Leopard, Arabian Leopard, Persian Leopard and Amur Leopard. The Persian Leopard is a descendant of the largest leopard native to the Caucasus region. Persian Star Leopards differ in color. It is dull white and it only located in Iran. Its body length is 158 cm, and weighs up to 60 kg (130 lb).
Cheetahs are the fastest animals in the world. It is capable of running at speeds of 80 to 128 km / h. In addition, the species has several adaptations for speed, including a light body build, long skinny legs and a long tail. It is only found in southern Africa and some parts of Iran. Cheetahs are classified as endangered animals due to poaching. Now it inhabits a variety of habitats in the dry forests of Kruger National Park and the Savanna steppes. The five breeds of cheetah are Asian cheetah, Sudanese cheetah, Tanzanian cheetah and South African cheetah. It can stand as tall as 90 cm at the shoulder and weighs 72 kg.
7. Snow Star Leopard
The Snow Leopard is a stunning gray – white star leopard. it is found only in the highlands of the Himalayas in India, Nepal and in northern Pakistan. Snow leopards are listed as endangered animals. It has strong chest to withstand its environment. This can help them take in oxygen from the thin air in the high mountains. Snowman tigers also have short front legs with fairly large and long hind legs. Not to be missed is the tail which is almost one meter thick. This adaptation helps them live in a rocky environment.
8. Clouded Leopard
Clouded Leopards are medium -sized wild cats found in the foothills of the Himalayas from Nepal, India and Bhutan. Like its older brother, this star tiger is a carnivore. The main victims are monkeys, small deer and wild boar. It likes to make attacks from trees or ambush from bushes. They can also hunt birds and rodents.
This big cat can open its jaw wider than the others, and the development of its teeth is similar to that of an extinct sabertooth. The 2 -inch (5 centimeter) wide canine teeth are the same size as the tiger’s canine teeth, although the tiger is 10 times larger in body size.
9. Lynx Eurasian
The Eurasian lynx is one of the many species to be found in the world but is mostly found in the forests of western Europe, Russia and central Asia. This cats are the largest lynx species, and the third largest predator in Europe after bears and wolves.
It can adapt well to cold habitats. Compared to other lynx species, Eurasian Lynx have longer legs, and they also have fur under their legs, which balances their body better in snowy areas.
According to Wikipedia, Caracal is a medium -sized feral cat native to Africa, the Middle East, Central Asia, and India. It has a strong built body, long legs, short face, long tufted ears, and long canine teeth. The coat is light brown or flat sand color. Meanwhile, Caracal is carnivorous. It eats birds, rats and small mammals. Like most cats, the caracal chases its prey before pounce on it. In human settlement areas, it sometimes hunts chickens.
You can also see other amazing animal facts right here.