Snails are mollusks of the Gastropoda family. They contain around 43,000 species divided into three groups: land snails, sea snails, and freshwater snails. Snails can live for one to three years, or even up to 25 years, depending on their habitat and species. The majority of snails are hermaphrodites, which means they can be both male and female.
While some hermaphrodite snails require the assistance of another snail to reproduce, others can reproduce on their own through asexual reproduction.
1. Giant African Snail (Achatina fulica)
Giant African snails are the largest land gastropods known. They typically grow to be around seven inches long from snout to tail and 3.5 inches in diameter, but the largest ever reported was 15.5 inches long. Unsurprisingly, they are voracious eaters, known to consume over 500 different plant species.
Because of their voracious appetites, they are classified as an invasive species in the United States. Snails will eat everything, including the paint and stucco on houses, if fruits and vegetables are not available.
2. Garden Snail (Helix aspersa)
The garden snail is a well-known species that has also been referred to as the European Brown Garden snail. It’s a common snail in Europe and other areas of the world, and it wreaks havoc on a variety of plants and crops. It is usually little longer than 1.3 inches long, has a soft body, yellow or cream-colored shells with brown spiral lines, and is coated in mucus.
3. Candy Cone Snail (Liguus virgineus)
The candy cane snail is the world’s most colorful gastropod. The fascinating snail, which has a white, conical shell with striking rainbow-colored stripes, can be found in the Caribbean, particularly on the island of Hispaniola. Although the candy cane snail is arboreal (lives in trees), it lays its eggs in the sand.
4. Apple Snail (Ampullariidae)
This is one of the most common types of snails to buy for freshwater aquariums. It is available in a wide range of colors, including gold, blue, and even tiger. If you wish to keep this sort of snail, you should have a large tank because it can grow to be six inches long. They also have a proclivity to consume the plants in your aquarium, so keep a limited number of plants there.
5. Geography Coned (Conus geographus)
The geography cone is a widespread species of snail found in the Red Sea, Indian Ocean, Indo-Pacific region, and off Australia’s coast. Its shell has a characteristic speckled appearance and is highly sought after by collectors, but what truly distinguishes it from other snails?
It’s the world’s most venomous snail as it can discharges a complicated cocktail of toxins at speeds of up to 400 mph using a harpoon-like tooth pushed by an extensible proboscis.
6. Mediterranean Green Snail (Helix aperta)
These snails, which can grow to be about five inches long, have only been around since the 1980s. It is native to Western Australia and feeds on a variety of plants, including cereal grains, grazing grasses, and leafy vegetables. It is typically found in rainforests in Northern Africa.
7. Violet Sea Snail (Janthina janthina)
The violet sea snail’s stunning purple shell is only half of what makes this mollusk so intriguing. The bubble-raft snail collects bubbles in its mucus and then uses the bubbly concoction as a raft for long-distance ocean travel. Because they are unable to swim, they must rely on floating to get around.
They can be found in warm tropical and temperate waters all over the world, although the subtropical Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific oceans have the highest concentrations.
8. Roman Snail (Helix pomatia)
The Roman snail was once exclusive to Europe, but it is now spread all over the world. It is also known as the burgundy snail or the edible snail, and it has a gorgeous shell that accounts for nearly one-third of its weight. This is the sort of snail used in the French delicacy escargot, and it typically grows to be one to two inches long.
9. Croatian Cave Snail (Zospeum tholussum)
With 2013, this ghostly Croatian cave snail was discovered deep in the Lukina Jama–Trojama cave, Croatia’s deepest cave and the 14th deepest in the world. Aside from the fact that it has only recently been described, it is also notable for being virtually totally transparent, including its shell. The see-through gastropods have no sense of sight since they spend their entire lives in complete darkness.
10. Orchid Snail (Zonitoides arboreus)
These are very small snails that got their name from their tendency for destroying plants in greenhouses and orchards. It has a reddish-brown shell, yet the animal itself is a bluish tint. They are also quite little, typically measuring only one-third of an inch in length. Even if you have a variety of plants in pots, they can simply creep inside and underneath the pot.
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